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Israel Adoba

Israel Adoba

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Nigeria’s Role in the Leadership of Africa: A Foreign Policy Perspective

Nigeria’s Role in the Leadership of Africa: A Foreign Policy Perspective

Uploaded by Israel Adoba

It is cogent to say that the foundation of Nigeria’s foreign policy was laid at the point of her independence. The administration of her foreign policy was conceived prior to her independence in 1957, during which the training of those who paved the way for an independent Nigeria took place. It is pertinent to note here that at this point, Nigeria was only involved in external relations from time to time with the United Kingdom and a few other countries, hence, this paper seeks to examine the role that Nigeria played during this period in the leadership of Africa, all through the fourth republic, till date. This paper will also make use of conceptual clarifications of the term foreign policy as well as identify the issues Nigeria has faced and is facing in the leadership of Africa from 1960-date and will also attempt a discuss on the issues facing Nigeria in her quest to maintain her leadership position in the African continent. Keywords: Foreign Policy, Leadership, Independence

 
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Military Industrial Complex as a National Security Component for Nigeria: Analysing the Bric Countries of Brazil, India and South Africa

Military Industrial Complex as a National Security Component for Nigeria: Analysing the Bric Countries of Brazil, India and South Africa

Uploaded by Israel Adoba

This paper seeks to examine the concept of Military Industrial Complex as a critical factor in the promotion of national security in Nigeria. It examines the experiences of the BRIC Nations of Brazil, India and South Africa to demonstrate the models other countries have adopted in the development of indigenous defence industries which are critical for fostering Military Industrial Complex (MIC). Thus, the existence of a viable MIC and robust manufacturing industries increases the capacity of states in readiness towards curbing threats leveled within or outside its territorial boundary. This paper argues that the weak manufacturing base of Nigeria significantly contributes to its failed efforts at evolving a strong and robust military industrial complex. Therefore, it is pertinent for Nigeria’s capacity and readiness to respond to security challenges to be enhanced quickly with the development of a strong military industrial complex. Keywords: National Security, Military Industrial Complex, BRIC,

 
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The Politics, Causes and Consequences of Intrastate Conflicts in Africa: A Critical Look Into the Conflict of (Dr) Congo

The Politics, Causes and Consequences of Intrastate Conflicts in Africa: A Critical Look Into the Conflict of (Dr) Congo

Uploaded by Israel Adoba

Conflict is a part of life, but when turned violent, it can be like a handshake that extends beyond the elbow which can no longer be tolerated. In a similar understanding, the internationalization of the Congo conflict is very complex due to the various involvements of states. However, in accomplishing the objective of this research, the problem that led to this conflict and made this study possible was the spillover effects from the conflict. There were issues arising from internal and external countries and actors taking sides, and also the involvement of organizations on regional continental and global levels. My findings however included the use of proxies in the DR Congo conflict, which served as part of the factors that played out mostly by external states sponsoring rebel groups to help fight in Congo, and the exploitation of the resources of DRC through transnational networks was an intricate system of political economic and socio-cultural forces. My recommendation for the issues brought out by this study was that there should be a development in the defense base of the Congo, there should be an improvement in one of the arms of government so that in the long run, it would enhance their balance of power system, and make it possible for them to check each other for more effective administration, States should provide basic amenities for the citizens, in other to avoid divided loyalty, in situations of intervention, proper agreements should be laid out in other to avoid an infringement, and the democratic system of government should be encouraged, because when the democratic peace theory is applied states would engage each other on the basis of war. Keywords: Internationalization, Conflict, Political and socio-cultural forces, Balance of Power

 
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Africa and the Resurgence of Terrorism: Revisiting the Fundamentals

Africa and the Resurgence of Terrorism: Revisiting the Fundamentals

Uploaded by Israel Adoba

The rise of terrorism in Africa is as a result of the instability, crisis, precarious situations and quagmires among others which are on top notch. These problems, though complex and disturbing, had followed a particular trend in term of terrorism with the rise of insurgents’ as Al-Qaeda, Boko Haram, Hamas and Hezbollah in various states in Africa. Solutions that have been propounded to the issues on terrorism and how to stop the insurgency have failed. The negativism and inherent political intrigues in solution findings towards resolving the terrorist question are but obvious. Thus, the bombing of the US Embassy in Kenya in 1998, the Bombing of the United Nations Headquarters, Abuja, 2009 have therefore brought terrorism to the highest rung of the ladder. Therefore, this paper therefore seeks to revisit the concept of terrorism in light of the terrorist groups in Nigeria, Mali and Kenya and also revisit the fundamentals which have been ignored by the agencies set up to curb the stigma of terrorism as well as propound strategies for covering terrorism. Keywords: Terrorism, Negativism, Political Intrigues, Instability and Insurgency.

 
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Africa's Blackgold as the Undelying Factor of Intra-State Crises in the Continent: Analyzing the Political Crises of the Niger-Delta

Africa's Blackgold as the Undelying Factor of Intra-State Crises in the Continent: Analyzing the Political Crises of the Niger-Delta

Uploaded by Israel Adoba

This research aims at identifying the root causes of political crisis in Nigeria and blackgold (oil) being the underlying factor for this crises. The focus is on the Niger Delta and its festering crisis which stems from the regions critical importance to Nigeria. Over the years, the Niger Delta region has had the highest risk of political unrest, simply because the region is rich in terms of oil and gas productions in Nigeria. As the nation’s treasure base, the Niger Delta provides over 80% of government revenues, and 90% of foreign exchange earnings. Also, the bulk of Nigeria’s bio-diversity and some of her best human resources are derived from the Niger Delta. This research recognizes the fact that there have been earlier proffered solutions to the crisis in the region, hence, it aims at recognizing other causes of the crisis that have not been properly addressed. Also, this research, most importantly will refer to some prior solutions that would gradually help in addressing and proffering solutions to the crises in the Niger Delta region. Keywords: Political Crises, Black-gold, Oil and Gas, Bio-Diversity, Human Resources.

 
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