New Testament scholarship presents the word gospel (euangelion in Greek) as Good News, which refers to the fact that the Son of God died for salvivic destiny of mankind (that man may have eternal life); Matthew addressed his Gospel account primarily to Jewish readers and as such presented Jesus as the Messiah, the King of the Jews. Jesus re-interpreted selected aspects of the Ten Commandment- Matthew 5: 17-48, which reflected inappropriate attitude of scribes and Pharisees to Mosaic Law in first century Christian era; therefore, this paper seeks to examine the re-interpretation as a moral model to shed light on attitudinal factor undermining national development in Nigerian contemporary society. Methodologically, this paper is hinged on qualitative research design; specifically employing documentary research method along with textual analytic technique. The paper discovered that Nigerian negative attitude to constitutional provisions affects national development, leads to fraud, crime and discontinuity of policy implementation and as well serve as obstacle to national development. This paper states that attitudinal change of Nigerian leaders and people will promote national development, much the same way Jesus took his listeners, including scribes and Pharisees, into retrospection of their negative attitude to interpretation of Mosaic Law. Finally, the paper recommends the following strategies toward national development in Nigeria:
Attitudes toward the practice of exorcism are varied, just as much as methods of performing exorcism are varied globally, and Nigeria in particular. African scholars disagree on the concept, phenomenon, models and methods appropriate for exorcism in contemporary time. The paper, therefore, examines exorcism in the Synoptic Gospels with emphasis on methods and models practiced by Jesus Christ in his life time and ministry and the socio-religious significance of exorcism in Nigerian society. The paper was designed as qualitative research with emphasis on the use of secondary sources for data collection; materials used included internet materials, journals, textbooks, New Testament text of the Bible, Bible commentaries, Bible dictionaries, and encyclopedia. It was discovered that the method and model of exorcism practiced by Jesus Christ was in sharp contrast to exorcism in Nigerian society today and in many parts of Africa as well. Examples were drawn from Ghana and South Western part of Nigeria. The following recommendations were made namely, the need to appreciate the reality of demonic activities and hence justification for exorcism, call for more research on the part of scholars in African Studies, and the need for Christians to apply simple faith in the Name of Jesus Christ.
Abstract The apparent association of African spirituality, divination and magical practice with the use of medicinal plants in traditional African medicine is a major problem to contemporary African Christians. It is clearly stated in Judeo-Christian Scriptures, that, divination, sorcery and magical practices are forbidden. Traditional African medicine is a holistic discipline involving indigenous herbalism and African spirituality, typically involving diviners, midwives, and herbalists; as such, contemporary Christians do not seem to agree on the use of medicinal plants for health purposes. The dilemma is further heightened by the uncertainty of what active ingredients in herbs and medicinal plants are useful for treating which diseases and what should be the proportion of active ingredients in medicinal plants for medication. This paper, therefore, is designed as qualitative research with emphasis on the use of secondary sources for data collection; materials used included internet materials, journals, textbooks, Old Testament text of the Bible, Bible commentaries, Bible dictionaries, encyclopedia, field reports on research in Biblical archeology and documents on Jewish Talmud. The paper recommends the followings: identification of medicinal plants for health care; sanctity of scriptural injunctions on divination, sorcery and magical practice; innovative pedagogical strategies for training and education on the use of medicinal plants such as, organizing conferences.
Abstract Some researchers and writers argued that churches have turned their health facilities into income generating projects, that substantial amount of obstetric care is still being offered by traditional birth attendants, prayer house proprietors and other less skilled personnel where there seems to be high maternal mortality rate; on the other hand, some authors disagreed with the former views while pointing to the comparative advantage of church-owned health facilities in medical care and training; it is in this context, this study was carried out to examine the role of church-owned hospitals in medical training and health education. Four case studies were presented on the role of the church in medical training and health education, using secondary sources of data collection technique in a qualitative research design; materials used included journals, textbooks, internet materials, and Church records. The study identified seven areas of contribution made in medical training and health education namely, midwifery training programme; nursing education; medical laboratory technology; health information, education, and communication; pastoral care, faith healing and pastoral counselling services; general practice residency; and university teaching hospital. The study made recommendations in the following areas namely, public-private partnership, provision of trained medical personnel in rural communities, learning and teaching technologies, audio-visual media, pastoral co
Some scholars questioned the role of faith communities in promoting maternal health, in spite of the historical development of the vital role of mission hospitals in maternal health care delivery in Nigeria. This paper, therefore, critically analyzes the role of mission hospitals in maternal health care in Nigeria byidentifying causes of maternal mortality in Nigeria; and analyzing strategic role of mission hospitals in maternal healthcare services. The paper is a qualitative research involving use of secondary data from documents, books, inaugural lectures, journals and internet materials and review of expert opinions of consultant gynaecologists on one hand; and the use of primary data of surveyed research work of undergraduate students. It was found that mission hospitals played vital role in maternal health care in Nigeria namely, compassion for the people in need, out of pure Christian charity; contact with the population, especially where verbal communication was difficult; public-private partnership thatcreates interventions for integrating safe birth spacing and family planning into maternal health care; provision of some form of information and counselling on pre-natal, ante-natal and post partum care. It was recommended that mission hospitals, church authorities and Christian faith communities in general should ensure effective communication, public-private partnership, promote compassion for the needy, promote medical education and effective pastoral counselling
INTRODUCTION Christianity, like every other religion, carries with it certain cultural imperatives. The terms "religion and culture" are often used in a rather confusing manner. Some use the two terms as if they were two sides of the same coin: that is, in contexts that suggest that religion is one half of a whole and culture the other half. Others use the two terms in a way that suggests an opinion that one could be interchanged with for the other; in other words, that religion and culture mean one and the same thing. Admittedly, Religion and Culture are related in a special way which is not easily discernible without a close examination. But it is hardly the case that any of the above understandings of religion and culture is exactly correct. The two terms can neither be used interchangeably nor can they be regarded as two parts of a single thing, rather one - that is religion is part of the other - culture.