Community management is an appealing solution to the current sustainability problems rural communities are experiencing with community development projects. Mc Common, Warner and Yohalem (1990) noted that community responsibility appears to have the potentials to ensure internal support and thus reduce the high rates of nonuse, breakdown, and misuse that have plagued new systems in developing countries.
This work is a review and a critique of studies of the etiology of female crime. The main focus is on the adequacy or inadequacy of the theories and methods used by the respective authors to arrive at their conclusions. It is argued that the studies reviewed are handicapped in their explanatory power by methodological problems and that these problems derived, in part, from the inadequacies of the theoretical frameworks used in the respective studies. An attempt is made in the concluding section to suggest ways in which future studies of the etiology of female crime could improve on the explanatory power of earlier studies.
WOMEN IN GOD’S AGENDA Webster Dictionary defines the word agenda as a list, plan or outline of things to be done, matters to be acted upon. Therefore in examining God’s agenda for women, we shall be considering what plan, what outline of ideas God had in mind in creating women. God created everything with a purpose. His purposes were always planned ahead of time; everything was already “made” in the mind of the Maker before He created it.
Global patriarchy has given ascendancy to men in politics, authority and decision-making in and outside the family. Under such a male-centred system without a female face, women lack access to politics and decision-making and are highly under-represented at most levels of government. This paper analyses marginalization of women in decision-making and the challenges encountered by female politicians on their way to political participation in Nigeria. It also, contends that the power relations that have prevented women from political activism operate in many levels of society, from the most personal to the highly public. It argues that the gender uneven electoral politics in Nigeria is as a result of men’ majority in the political party hierarchy, which places them at a vantage position to influence party’s internal politics in terms of selecting or electing candidates for electrons, and political patronage .The paper notes that socio-cultural, economic, political, organizational, legal and political factors have combined to shape the “home-centred’ perception of Nigerian women ,and explains the level of participation of women in political and bureaucratic decisionmaking positions. To reverse the historical under-represented Nigerian women in politics, and decision-making in governance, the paper proposes a triad strategy for women empowerment. First, is a women friendly legal framework in which affirmative action principles are incorporated into the Nigerian Constitution and Electoral Act. Second, is exhibition of positive role modeling for gender image laundering by the few women in top political and administrative positions .Third, is the advancement of women’ agenda and support of party activities as well as funding of women who are actively seeking political offices as a mechanism for addressing the imbalances and injustices against Nigerian women.