Management is studied at the universities and colleges; some essential degrees in management are Masters of Business Administration (M.B.A) and Bachelor of Commerce (B.Com) while the Masters of Public Administration (M.P.A) degree is for the public sector. Individuals who intend becoming management professors and researchers may complete the PhD in Business Management or Administration or the Doctor of Business Administration (DBA) Management Process is the process of setting goals, directing, controlling and also the planning, organizing and leading in the execution of any form of activity such as a process (management system or process performance measurement) or a project (project management process)
ABSTRACT Proverbs (ufied) is one of the systems of communication that are passed from one generation to another and are derived from society’s experience and thoughts over a long period of years. Over the years, its understanding and usage has been taken to be the sole rights of the elders in traditional societies. This paper discusses the writing styles that are found in Annang social proverbs (ufied) and to show that they are an embodiment of knowledge and virtue, extant and relevant in contemporary Nigerian society. These findings are contributions to a better understanding of proverbs as a tool for national development. The historical phenomenology was used in the study. Data collection was from primary and secondary sources. Consequently, the study recommended that government at the local, state and national levels should ensure that adequate security measures are put in place to curb crimes and insurgencies in the society. Also, traditional rulers, priests, votaries of Annang traditional religion should help promote and educate their subjects and others on the need to preserve Annang folklore as a language of social communication. Finally, the print and television media is an educative medium and as such should be made to feed from a reservoir of a well established and documented Annang literature.
Abstract. This paper examines the Nigerian education system vis-à-vis the quality of Nigerian graduates in the labour market. It argues that Nigeria’s education curriculum places undue emphasis on the possession of certificates, and that this undue emphasis on certification has made every other value about education secondary to the acquisition of certificates. While noting that it is through education that knowledge or skill is acquired for the development of the individual and the society, the paper contends that the placement of undue value on certificates without the requisite knowledge to defend them has cheapened the pursuit of knowledge, learning and acquisition of relevant skills. It appears that every Nigerian aspiring to go into education has, as his immediate concern, the acquisition of certificate. In a related development, the paper notes that it was the quest to possess certificates at all cost that led to the entrance of “expo” (examination leakage) into our education system. It further argues that besides making nonsense of the noble aims and objectives of examination, examination malpractice has resulted in bad consequences for both the Nigerian education system and the labour sector. Firstly, it has bastardized the image of Nigeria’s education system and that of the graduates it produces before the international communities. Secondly, the high level of intellectual emptiness displayed by most Nigerian workers that are products of this bastardized system has resulted in work inefficiency and low productivity. Seen thus, the paper concludes that education which is supposed to be an instrument for poverty reduction and national development has now been turned into a veritable instrument for human and national underdevelopment. As a solution to the quagmire, the paper suggests that in terms of employment, our government and human resource managers should shift emphasis from paper qualification to the possession of requisite knowledge or skill. Again, there should be massive campaign aimed at value re-orientation of the Nigerian masses.
This study on the design and construction of a modified cassava milling machine was done, owing to the inability of existing mills to meet the demand of cassava flour in bakery industries.
From the work ,one is guided to conclude that entrepreneurship does not always involve new venture creatio..
Abstract: It has been observed that most artistic ideas in wood, clay, and metals in Igboland are expressed through traditional mural painting symbols which convey important lexical messages. According to Willis(1987) “the Igbo woman’s perception of all aspects of life and nature and most notably ideas and objects which are held to be particularly important and representative of Igbo culture are translated into visual vocabulary which provides important reference material for designers, art historians, engineers and ethnographers alike”. This paper, therefore, seeks to bring to limelight , how the culture of Nsukka people and Igbo in general is expressed through the study of their traditional architectural wall paintings rendered in thorough naturally made indelible ink of “Uli” (black indigo), “Nzu”(natural clay), “Ufie”(red ochre gotten from plants), charcoal and other natural dyes in the form of leaves. These motifs touch on all aspects of Igbo life and serves as ethnographic evidence for studying the cultural history of the area in the absence of direct core archaeological evidence. The method applied in the course of carrying out this research is ethnographic method. This involves the collection of oral information from the extant members of the community that are knowledgeable in the topic of research. Primary secondary sources of information were used. The primary source of data came from oral tradition collected, while the secondary source came from documented literature on the topic of research. Pictures were also used for clarity sake.
[Sexuality] is the name that can be given to a historical construct: not a furtive reality that is difficult to grasp, but a great surface network in which the stimulation of bodies, the intensification of pleasures, the incitement to discourse, the formation of special knowledges, the strengthening of controls and resistances, are linked to one another, in accordance with a few major strategies of knowledge and power.(Foucault in History of Sexuality)
The concept of law is very vital to the understanding of legalism. The reason is that the concept of legalism is derived from the term “legal,” and what is legal is also construed to be lawful. Law is an indispensable phenomenon, not just for the development of any given society but also for the maintenance of peace and stability as well as vital relationship among the members of such society. It defines the boundaries for the exercise of individual rights and liberties. In other words, the presence of law results in the realisation by man that his rights end where another man’s rights begin.