INTRODUCTION The Restoration period (1660-1700) had a great influence on the life and literature of contemporary age. This period is called the Restoration period because in this period, with the restoration of monarchy, the English literary tradition was restored. In the Commonwealth period Charles-II, the son of Charles-I escaped from England to France. After the fall of Commonwealth, the people of England brought him back and made him king of England (on May 29, 1660). He remained in power till his demise in 1685 when James-II, another son of Charles-I, ascended the throne. He was a catholic and most of the people who were protestants wanted to dethrone him. In 1688 there was the Glorious Revolution (Bloodless Revolution) against him. He fled to France. William-III of France and his wife Mary, the son-in-law and daughter of James-II, came to the power
The book begins in Jerusalem and ends at Rome. It describes the establishment and growth of the early church through the work of the Apostles under the direction of the Holy Spirit. The Act of the apostles is seen, as the continuation of the gospel according to Luke because the Opening message that was been address to Theophilus in the book of Luke was also indicated in the act of apostles. The book comprises 28 chapters. It reviews the incident in Luke chapter 24 vs. 49 where Jesus charges his Apostle to stay in the city of Jerusalem until they are clothed with power from on high.
Studies on Esiaba Irobi's Nwokedi and Cemetery Road have largely focused on the portrayal of politicians in modern societies. The studies have however neglected how linguistic metaphors have been utilised in realising ideologies. This is the gap the present study is set to fill using extracts from Nwokedi and Cemetery Road, which were analysed using insights from George Lakoff and Mark Johnson’s Conceptual Metaphor Theory and Teun Van Dijk's Theory of Ideology. The texts were subjected to quantitative analysis through the use of tables, frequency counts, and histograms. Five conceptual mappings: POLITICS IS A CONFLICT, POLITICS IS A SMALL CHILD, CHANGE IS A DIFFICULT PATH, POLITICS IS A BUILDING, and POLITICS IS A BODY, were observed from the linguistic metaphors, and their linguistic patterns, (lexical, morphological, and syntactical patterns), which project three ideologies: liberalism, progressivism, and radicalism. POLITICS IS A CONFLICT, and POLITICS IS A SMALL CHILD conceptual mappings are associated with liberalism, CHANGE IS A DIFFICULT PATH is associated with progressivism, while POLITICS IS A BUILDING, and POLITICS IS A BODY relate to radicalism. Thus, cross-domain mappings in Nwokedi and Cemetery Road, deployed through linguistic metaphors are motivated by the playwright’s ideological representation of Nwokedi and Mazeli as liberal, progressive, and radical ideologists.
Leadership, Policy and Economic Development in Nigeria and Singapore: a Comparative (1960 - 1990) is a sweeping comparison of Nigeria and Singapore on their economic development performances. It further critically assesses how leaderships in the two countries were able to influence these performances through their economic policies and developmental efforts. Particular emphasis is placed on between 1960 and 1990; although post 1990 is briefly captured but strictly on economic policies and performances of successive governments. This book elementrifies foundational reasons why the two countries have divergent economic development statistics despite starting with homologous economic statistics in the 1960s, with cross-national opportunities and constraints. It reveals how the two different and newly independent countries in the 60s followed different paths toward nation building. The correlations between leadership, economic policymaking and implementation, and economic development are established. The period of 1960 to 1990 played key, formative roles in the both countries’ economic development narratives. Within the three decades, Singapore was transformed from a third to first world country while Nigeria was caught up with International Monetary Fund’s Structural Adjustment Program. This Comparative Study captures cross-national differences and finds out lessons Nigeria can learn from Singapore in pursuing an inclusive and sustainable economic development. This book is a fitting primary source for students, scholars and researchers of development studies, public policy, development economics, leadership, governance and regional development.
The growth of modern technology and the sophistication of society over a period of time became a big challenge for traditional media of communication.