Oath of secrecy is part of the civil service tradition for employees to take an oath of office of allegiance before their assumption of duty, but the manner, timing, and wordings of the recent oath of secrecy administered to the People Democratic Party, National Assembly and Presidency Workers can only be indicatively unambiguous phobia and deep-seated disdain for free flow of information on the part of the clearly desperate master minders of the whole unedifying exercise. No doubt, most of these workers have been in the employ of these institutions many years before the present sets of leadership was inaugurated and the assumption is that they would have performed this mandatory exercise long before now. The paper conceptualized public service and oath of secrecy. It goes on to highlight the background to the oath of secrecy and its location within the concept of administrative loyalty. It also examines the implications of the act on transparency initiatives in the Nigeria public service. The paper goes on to explore the manifestations of arts of disloyalty among civil servant and the consequences. The paper, therefore, shares the thesis that the oath of secrecy was a pointless and wasted exercise whose only benefit is the bad image it would return to the PDP, Presidency and the National Assembly because of its timing. Though the paper supports the oath of secrecy in the public service but concludes by positing that Nigerian leaders cannot afford to portray themselves as sworn enemies of openness, accountability, anti-corruption and transparency, which now widely defined the concept of good governance.
In line with Jean Jacques Rousseau, sovereignty is reposed on the masses and not a few political elite or the Leviathan. It is, in his opinion, the will of the generality of masses that inhabit a state that should determine how laws are made to checkmate arbitrary behaviours of the "bad ones" in a state. However, the 1999 constitution of Nigeria does not tally with Rousseau's principle as it was made by undemocratic few (the military men) without adequate consultations. It is in line with the above that we say that the 1999 constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria is an aberration of the General Will.
The efficiency of any management accounting practice depends very much on the collection and enforcement machinery, teamwork and dedication of the employees.
Comparison Class and money The rover, partly as a point of comparison with john websters work. The Duchess of malfi, we consider the common themes of class and money. In Aphra behn’s rover although not a particularly romantic topic, the issue of money runs throughout the rover. The cavaliers constantly bemoan the fact that they do not have sufficient funds while don pedro picks a husband for his sister based almost solely upon fortune. Angelica Bianca, too, is obsessed with money, and must crucially decide whether for free, or hold out for the highest bidder. In comparison with websters work, we see the same theme for instance, the duchess argues that high class is not an indicator of a good man. At the time, Italy was moving into capitalism and one no longer needed into capitalism and one no longer needed to be born into wealth to obtain it. Though the duchess and her brothers are aware of this, her brothers, concerned with wealth and honour nevertheless strive to dismantle her marriage to Antonio while disapproving of their sisters love life. Ferdinand is particularly obsessed with the idea of inheriting the fortune to which his sister is entitled because it would protect his social and financial status ultimately the duchess is put to death for remarry into the lower class.