Should Niger Delta Be Allowed to Control Their Resources?
Based on findings of the study, the following conclusions were reached:
The research study has shown that granting the Niger Delta the right to control their resources will stop the act of terrorism by the Niger delta.
Understanding Nigerian federalism illuminated the saga of resource control and incessant. Federalism was deliberately designed to be centralism.
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Over the past 5 decades, the Niger Delta region has been engulfed in internecine conflict. The impetus for the conflict between the Nigerian state and the Niger Delta is the discovery of oil and natural gas deposits, and the exploitation and distribution of income between the Nigerian state and the Niger Delta (Sampson, 2011). The Niger Delta conflict was an example of the antagonistic relationship between the Nigerian state with oil and the communities’ engagement in violent conflict (Uzodike & Isike, 2009). The Niger Delta conflict was a medley of issues of self-determination for a region richly endowed with oil and gas minerals, yet shortchanged in the oil wealth. It is the complex expression of economic and political disparities (Obafemi Awolowo University Press, 2002).
According to (Ibaba et al., 2012), the roots of this conflict were genuine quests by the indigenous people of the Niger Delta for enhanced revenue allocation, sustainable development, and environmental protection, fairness, equity, and social justice. The paradox of abject poverty in the midst of plenty was a reflection of the centralized structure of Nigerian state, its fiscal federalism, official corruption, ethnodomination, marginalization, poor service delivery, and environmental degradation (Ibaba, 2012; Ukaga & Ukiwo, 2012).