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Self Reported Knowledge Among Young Men of Risk Factors of Male Genital Tract Cancers

By Mariam Bashir

Summary

This study focused on knowledge of male genital tract cancer ( prostate, testicular and penile cancers) among younger men. Although results showed average knowledge, cultural practices were shown to be an influence in the population.
Self Reported Knowledge Among Young Men of Risk Factors of Male Genital Tract Cancers
 
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Abstract

TITLE: SELF REPORTED KNOWLEDGE AMONG YOUNG MEN OF RISK FACTORS OF MALE GENITAL TRACT CANCERS.
ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES
The commonest malignancy in men in the US apart from skin cancer is prostate cancer which is also the commoner among men of black origin. Testicular cancer is commoner among men between the ages of 15 and 34 although it is less prevalent in Africa. Penile cancer is an uncommon malignancy in Western countries although incidence rates in some African counties are higher. This study aimed to determine the self-reported knowledge, attitude and practices among young men about male genital tract cancers mentioned previously in Ikorodu West LCDA in Lagos.
METHODOLOGY
A descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out among 317 male participants in Ikorodu West LCDA.  Data was collected from the men aged between 18 and 60 years by a self-administered questionnaire which and the use of multistage and random sampling in these men. The questionnaire had four sections and the sections on knowledge and attitude were scored for each participant to get a knowledge score.
RESULTS
In the case of prostate cancer, 71.6% of the respondents had heard about prostate cancer and 47.9% had an average knowledge of prostate cancer risk factors, although only 45.7% of respondents had heard of screening for prostate cancer. In the case of testicular cancer, while 49.8% of respondents had heard of testicular cancer and knowledge score for only 30.4% of respondents was poor, in case of practice, only 13.6% had tried doing a TSE (Testicular Self-Examination) the major reason being lack of knowledge.  For penile cancer, while only 36.9% had heard of penile cancer another 71.6% of respondents said they will make sure their children get circumcised as early as possible. A percentage of 36.6% also stated that screening for cancer may be waste of time because their doctors have not mentioned it.
CONCLUSION
Young men in the study generally have an average knowledge of male genital tract cancers which is better than poor knowledge obtained in previous studies, although the level of practice was low due to insufficient information on these cancers. The results also show that cultural and religious beliefs have an extent of influence on practice towards these cancers. It is hoped that more enlightening information would be provided on these cancers especially by medical practitioners for improved knowledge then practices.

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