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Haemoparasites of Camels (Camelus Dromedarius) in Maiduguri, Nigeria

By Animal Research International, University Of Nigeria, Nsukka.

Summary

ABSTRACT:
A study was conducted to determine the prevalence and significance of haemoparasite of camels slaughtered in Maiduguri abattoir. Blood samples were collec ed asept cally from camels before slaughter noting age and sex of animals. The samples were processed for packed cell volume (PCV) and thin smear stained with Geimsa stain according to standard procedure. An overall prevalence of 14.2 % (n = 16) of the 113 animals examined was recorded in th s study Theileria camel ensis was most prevalent (n = 9 or 8.0 %) fo lowed by Trypanosoma evansi (n = 4 or 3.5 %) and mix infection with both T. evansi and T. camellensis (n = 3 or 2.7 %). There was no significan difference (P>0.05) between male and female camels, however, there was signi icant difference between young and adult camels (P < 0.05) using student t-test at 95 % confidence interval. All the parasites seen in this study significantly (P < 0.01) affec ed the packed cell volume of the animals when compared to PCV of non infected animals. The haemogram shows marked macrocytic normochromic cells. Further work on the pathogenesis and effects of haemoparasites of camel is required. This is the first report of haemoparasites of camel in this region of Nigeria.
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