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Effect of Plasmodium Species Infections on Packed Cell Volume of Domestic Chickens and Helmeted Guinea Fowls in North Eastern Nigeria

By Animal Research International, University Of Nigeria, Nsukka.

Summary

ABSTRACT:
Populations of exotic and indigenous domestic chickens and guinea fowls in northeastern Nigeria were surveyed for Plasmodium sp by examining their stained blood samples. The packed cel volumes of all blood samples were estimated. During the period of study (March to September 2006), rain a data were collected. The prevalence of Plasmodium in ect on in 575 domest c poultry examined was 9.4 % and the prevalence among the difference poultry types (exotic broilers and layers, indigenous chickens and guinea fowls) did not dif er signi icantly (P > 0.05).There was a significant (P < 0.05) positive correlation between the monthly prevalence and ra nfal wth mean prevalence hgher (P < 0.05) in the rainy than dry months. Packed cell volume (PCV) o uninfected and infected domestic chickens did not d ffer significant y (P > 0 05), but the infected guinea fowls had lower (P < 0.05) mean PCV than the uninfected ones. In conclusion, Plasmodium sp infection was prevalent among the domestic poultry; and whereas the infection did not cause anaemia in chickens, mild anaemia was observed in infected guinea fowls..
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