Diversity, Democratization and Future of the Nigerian State
Uploaded by: Prof. Nnadozie Onyema Uchechukwu
It is very rare in contemporary era to find a country that is made up of only one ethnic group or nationality. In other words, over ninety eight per cent of contemporary states are made up of several ethnic groups. The import of this is that national diversity is the hallmark of modern nation-states. It is therefore not a happenstance that a modern state is technically known as a nation-state - that is, a geo-political sovereign entity occupied by several culture or ethnic groups or nationalities and which is not subordinate to and does not take instructions from any other stale. This situation has given rise to one of the most intractable problems confronting most countries today, which is how best to manage and control the numerous and diverse ethnic and religious groups and nationalities living within their geographical areas. As the emperors and kings of world's earliest and most powerful empires and kingdoms discovered to their chagrin very early in their existence, it is one thing to conquer and incorporate small and less powerful neighbours and nations into one geo-political fold under their authority, and quite a different ballgame not only to keep them together as one indivisible entity, but also to manage and govern them without rancour, acrimony and dissent.