A library is a building or collection of written and non written materials and other sources of information stored in an easily accessible format for public or defined individual community consumption. Library environment is the surrounding conditions and areas within the library that impact and affect the library both negatively and positively. This paper examines the challenges and prospect in a school library environment with the aim of identify conditions that challenges a successful school library environment. It states that library location, building and construction plans and natural disaster are among the challenges facing the school library environment. It uses secondary methods of data collection to gather the needed data while recommending that for a successful school library environment to be maintained, library must be situated in a serene and noiseless environment, with good building plans and accurate feasibility studies.