IntroductionAccording to John Locke’s [1632-1704] Tabula Rasa of the Mind of the Newborn Only Achieves Knowledge of What Is Good or Bad, Likes or Dislikes, or What He/she Needs, as a Result of Experience Are Absent.
With the retinue of endorsements and adoption that have so far heralded President Goodluck Jonathan’s second term ambition within and outside the Peoples Democratic Party (PDP) hierarchy, many believe the coast is clear for the President to ride on unhindered having being adopted as the sole candidate of the party in the 2015 presidential election. The national leadership of the Peoples Democratic Party (PDP) finally cleared its elected officials to participate in events organized in support of President Goodluck Jonathan’s candidacy ahead of the 2015 presidential election. This comes 48 hours to the grand finale of the mega rally by the Transformation Agenda of Nigeria’s (TAN) scheduled to hold in Abuja. Before the sole endorsement of President Jonathan by the PDP National Executive Committee (NEC), the National Working Committee (NWC) had barred its elected officials from participating in any group activity that endorsed the president. But a statement by the PDP national publicity secretary, Olisa Metuh, yesterday read: Further to the endorsement of Dr Goodluck Jonathan by NEC as PDP’s sole presidential candidate, the NWC has cleared all elected party officials at all levels to attend and fully participate in any event organised in support of his candidacy. By this, all elected party officials and party members are at liberty to fully be involved in events and activities organised by groups or individuals supporting President Jonathan for the 2015 general elections. The PDP presidential primaries, which has Jonathan as the sole candidate, is scheduled to hold on December 6. Certain developments since the rash of endorsements and adoption have shown that the coast is yet to be clear for President Jonathan and his party following the recent suits filed in court against them by some aggrieved members of the party. While Jonathan’s reelectionbid is on, political pundits have said the President should brace himself for tough timesahead, as there are several hurdles to cross as he approaches the poll. This paper seeks to identify and discuss these hurdles. To achieve this objective, following the introduction is the theoretical perspective. The next segment addresses the hurdles before the president. The third section explores the ways forward. The final section concludes the paper.
Some scholars questioned the role of faith communities in promoting maternal health, in spite of the historical development of the vital role of mission hospitals in maternal health care delivery in Nigeria. This paper, therefore, critically analyzes the role of mission hospitals in maternal health care in Nigeria byidentifying causes of maternal mortality in Nigeria; and analyzing strategic role of mission hospitals in maternal healthcare services. The paper is a qualitative research involving use of secondary data from documents, books, inaugural lectures, journals and internet materials and review of expert opinions of consultant gynaecologists on one hand; and the use of primary data of surveyed research work of undergraduate students. It was found that mission hospitals played vital role in maternal health care in Nigeria namely, compassion for the people in need, out of pure Christian charity; contact with the population, especially where verbal communication was difficult; public-private partnership thatcreates interventions for integrating safe birth spacing and family planning into maternal health care; provision of some form of information and counselling on pre-natal, ante-natal and post partum care. It was recommended that mission hospitals, church authorities and Christian faith communities in general should ensure effective communication, public-private partnership, promote compassion for the needy, promote medical education and effective pastoral counselling
Field work practice is a vital tool in moulding professional Social workers. Social work education has the primary aim of preparing the social work student for professional practice which focuses on the transaction between people and their social environment. This affects their ability to alleviate distress and realize individual as well as collective goals. The social worker assesses situations and plan interventions to facilitate and enhance the coping ability of people. This paper examines field work practice as a basis for social work education. The authors review extant training needs of students and conclude that fieldeducation is not radically different from the extant policies and has potential effect on professional development. If solution to the problem of ethical conduct is to be desired, it is essential to effectively utilize the knowledge in field education. Ultimately, rather than leaving the students on their own, the field instructors should be reckoned with in guiding the students as partners and collaborators.