Entries on Violence
Conflict is a part of life, but when turned violent, it can be like a handshake that extends beyond the elbow which can no longer be tolerated. In a similar understanding, the internationalization of the Congo conflict is very complex due to the various involvements of states. However, in accomplishing the objective of this research, the problem that led to this conflict and made this study possible was the spillover effects from the conflict. There were issues arising from internal and external countries and actors taking sides, and also the involvement of organizations on regional continental and global levels. My findings however included the use of proxies in the DR Congo conflict, which served as part of the factors that played out mostly by external states sponsoring rebel groups to help fight in Congo, and the exploitation of the resources of DRC through transnational networks was an intricate system of political economic and socio-cultural forces. My recommendation for the issues brought out by this study was that there should be a development in the defense base of the Congo, there should be an improvement in one of the arms of government so that in the long run, it would enhance their balance of power system, and make it possible for them to check each other for more effective administration, States should provide basic amenities for the citizens, in other to avoid divided loyalty, in situations of intervention, proper agreements should be laid out in other to avoid an infringement, and the democratic system of government should be encouraged, because when the democratic peace theory is applied states would engage each other on the basis of war. Keywords: Internationalization, Conflict, Political and socio-cultural forces, Balance of Power
This research aims at identifying the root causes of political crisis in Nigeria and blackgold (oil) being the underlying factor for this crises. The focus is on the Niger Delta and its festering crisis which stems from the regions critical importance to Nigeria. Over the years, the Niger Delta region has had the highest risk of political unrest, simply because the region is rich in terms of oil and gas productions in Nigeria. As the nation’s treasure base, the Niger Delta provides over 80% of government revenues, and 90% of foreign exchange earnings. Also, the bulk of Nigeria’s bio-diversity and some of her best human resources are derived from the Niger Delta. This research recognizes the fact that there have been earlier proffered solutions to the crisis in the region, hence, it aims at recognizing other causes of the crisis that have not been properly addressed. Also, this research, most importantly will refer to some prior solutions that would gradually help in addressing and proffering solutions to the crises in the Niger Delta region. Keywords: Political Crises, Black-gold, Oil and Gas, Bio-Diversity, Human Resources.
By employing sociological criticism and feminist oriented approach, this research focuses on Arab society and gender violence that precipitated the impetus for the ideological consciousness of Nawal El-Sadaawi’s Woman at Point Zero.
In the current democratic dispensation, there is no place where the problem of political violence is very evidence than in parts of the Southeastern states.