Entries on Policy
Leadership, Policy and Economic Development in Nigeria and Singapore: a Comparative (1960 - 1990) is a sweeping comparison of Nigeria and Singapore on their economic development performances. It further critically assesses how leaderships in the two countries were able to influence these performances through their economic policies and developmental efforts. Particular emphasis is placed on between 1960 and 1990; although post 1990 is briefly captured but strictly on economic policies and performances of successive governments. This book elementrifies foundational reasons why the two countries have divergent economic development statistics despite starting with homologous economic statistics in the 1960s, with cross-national opportunities and constraints. It reveals how the two different and newly independent countries in the 60s followed different paths toward nation building. The correlations between leadership, economic policymaking and implementation, and economic development are established. The period of 1960 to 1990 played key, formative roles in the both countries’ economic development narratives. Within the three decades, Singapore was transformed from a third to first world country while Nigeria was caught up with International Monetary Fund’s Structural Adjustment Program. This Comparative Study captures cross-national differences and finds out lessons Nigeria can learn from Singapore in pursuing an inclusive and sustainable economic development. This book is a fitting primary source for students, scholars and researchers of development studies, public policy, development economics, leadership, governance and regional development.
It is in recognition of the above challenge and as an attempt towards its resolution that the publication of Federalism in Historical Perspective by the Historical Society of Nigeria (HSN) represents a timely and appropriate intervention. The book examines the emergence, growth and development of federalism in Nigeria through time, and discusses its many dimensions, problems as well as implications on the development of the country and its peoples. While establishing the pre-colonial antecedence of federalism as a political arrangement in Nigeria, contributors to this important volume attempted to analyze changes, continuities and adjustments during the colonial period and since independence. Some of the challenges underpinning federalism in Nigeria, their roots, basis and manifestations, were also thoroughly examined. The thirteen essays in this volume were selected from papers presented at the 52nd Congress of the HSN hosted by the Department of History, University of Calabar.
Correctional Practice in Nigerian prisons today displays evidence of lack of clarity in objective. This problem partly derives from the historical controversy regarding the purpose of prison. The public is unsure of what the Prisons are supposed to be doing and how they are to do it. The result of this misunderstanding is conflicting expectations and assessment of the Prisons. Some members of the public accuse the system of brutalising offenders while others alleged that it coddles them. Any meaningful effort at evolving a policy for reshaping the prisons for greater effectiveness must begin by clearly articulating their mission. As Drucker (1973) has rightly observed, the institutions of the public sector must first address questions of mission to assess what is their business and what should it be. Therefore the crucial question we must ask here, and of society in general is why do we lock up people and what do we expect the imprisonment process to achieve?
This work examines why the Lower Benue Valley communities that were erstwhile at peace with themselves have now earned a reputation as an area noted for orgy of violence along the Settler-Indigene divide. In fact, the continuous struggle between groups of the zone has intensified with attendant consequences of group distrust, suspicion, antagonism and tension culminating in violent expressions. Thus, the Lower Benue area has been stigmatised as an area known for violence.
In a world where the priesthood is facing dire challenges like sexual abuse of children, spiritual aridity, misappropriation of funds and gross materialism among others, there is a need for priests who are well experienced in ministry and have developed themselves not only spiritually but intellectually and psychologically to help their fellow priests live above the challenges of the 21st century. One of those refined priests in Northern Nigeria is Reverend Father Professor Moses Orhungur, a scholar and legend. Fr Moses Orhungur has lived up to this task of helping in guiding and instructing his fellow priests in line with the challenges of the time. This is what Father has done in 2008 at the annual retreat in the Catholic Diocese of Jalingo. In this eight chapter book, Father Orhungur has reflected on the essence of a retreat and the attitude of priests during retreats; the true ideals of the priesthood, the challenges of the Nigerian priests in the 21st century; the collective responsibility of all priests; Mary, our mother and model; a lesson on patience; and the importance of reconciliation. Each of these chapters has a unique message for a contemporary priest and the lay faithful. They offer an outstanding expose’ on the failure and strength of the priesthood. This revolutionary and scholarly message from Father do not only address the problems within the priesthood
The situation of unrest in the country calls for a more concerted effort to restore peace and stability. This can be done from many fronts. Proper to our milieu is education through the print media. To achieve this therefore, the editorial crew of the Aquinas’ Journal chose for 2015 to add more value to the matter with the theme: Violence in the Land and Journey to Peace. With this theme, the Journal identifies Boko Haram, unethical campaign languages, hate speeches sexual violence against women and the violence of Tiv/Fulani as common catalysts to conflict in the land. On a similar note, it offers the opportunity to consider/rethink once again our togetherness as a nation and present unity as an imperative in our sophisticated world. Having done these, alternative means of conflict resolution, reciprocity and Christian religious education are highlighted as the recipes for peaceful coexistence.
This work is a review and a critique of studies of the etiology of female crime. The main focus is on the adequacy or inadequacy of the theories and methods used by the respective authors to arrive at their conclusions. It is argued that the studies reviewed are handicapped in their explanatory power by methodological problems and that these problems derived, in part, from the inadequacies of the theoretical frameworks used in the respective studies. An attempt is made in the concluding section to suggest ways in which future studies of the etiology of female crime could improve on the explanatory power of earlier studies.
The Nigerian Agenda as the new title for this Second Edition of this book is a substitute for the First Edition whose title was Nigeria: The Path to National Rebirth. The new title is purposely chosen in the author’s deep appreciation of Nigeria’s founding fathers’ collective struggle that resulted in independence for the country in October 1960. The fathers of Nigeria’s democracy who built the nation for generations yet to come include the late Dr Nnamdi Azikiwe, Abubakar Tafawa Balewa, Ahmadu Bello, Obafemi Awolowo, Aminu Kano, Herbert Macaulay Hashim Adaji, Pa Michael Imoudu, Joseph Takaa, Dr Michael Okpara and late Anthony Enahoro. The struggle which continued between 1922 and 1959 brought about the promulgation of series of constitutions to assuage the feelings of the Nigerian political elites.
The tortuous experience by Nigerians from poverty in the mist of plenty has become a matter of great concern to some of its leaders, academic theoreticians and pragmatic activists. This concern centres most on the corrupt tendencies of the country’s leaders and the creation of a culture that appears to have instituted this corruptions as a virtue. There have been attempts by previous governments to change this phenomenon which went without any impact since the preachers of such messages practice otherwise. Theories have been propounded and the policies, programmes and projects that have been formulated on the basis of these theories have, not unexpectedly, had notable failings.
The book Management Issues in Education is another attempt to meet the need of all categories of students in educational management. The topics chosen and discussed in this book were carefully determined from the context of their relevance in bringing some critical areas in educational management into focus.
This is a fresh individual study cum instructor’s book in the continual effort to produce appropriate pedagogic materials for the enrichment of English language skills in Nigerian schools. After over two decades of teaching, organising, supervising, and examining Communication Skills in English at tertiary level, the author is well equipped with the requisite knowledge and experience for designing and producing such a comprehensive resource. There is no gainsaying the crucial need for Nigerian students generally to upgrade their English language competence, in order to remedy their weak foundation in this respect. The chief reason for this appalling quality of use of English is their very deficient primary and post- primary background. This regrettable state is, in turn, attributable to the overwhelming demand for places in our public schools; the concomitant bloated enrollments; inadequacies in educational facilities, teaching/ supervision, staff motivation; as well as the comatose or dead reading culture among students and teachers alike.
The leadership has, in the last five decades, exploited the patience of Nigerians and violated their integrity with impunity, while the masses have been made to put up with provocative hardship without losing their temper. Nigerians have cause to be angry or even cry for government having little to show for the enormous resources and opportunities offered this country by nature. Even when the abuses continue with little inhibition, Nigerians look forward with hope that the future could be better. The abuses have created heavy moral burden both on the leadership and the masses, creating a bleak future and uncertainties that have brought grief to many. Crazy appetite for power and wealth has led to reckless and violent struggle in the polity to which Nigerians have devoted so much energy and time which could have been gainfully deployed in more beneficial projects. The missed opportunities and headache of the over 30 years of military dictatorship with its distractions served as a journey with no clear destination. The distractions, irritations, frustrations and fears have led to fading hope and failed expectations. These have led to unwelcome reversals in the nation’s fortune. That notwithstanding, the less privileged Nigerians.