Entries on Nigeria
Leadership, Policy and Economic Development in Nigeria and Singapore: a Comparative (1960 - 1990) is a sweeping comparison of Nigeria and Singapore on their economic development performances. It further critically assesses how leaderships in the two countries were able to influence these performances through their economic policies and developmental efforts. Particular emphasis is placed on between 1960 and 1990; although post 1990 is briefly captured but strictly on economic policies and performances of successive governments. This book elementrifies foundational reasons why the two countries have divergent economic development statistics despite starting with homologous economic statistics in the 1960s, with cross-national opportunities and constraints. It reveals how the two different and newly independent countries in the 60s followed different paths toward nation building. The correlations between leadership, economic policymaking and implementation, and economic development are established. The period of 1960 to 1990 played key, formative roles in the both countries’ economic development narratives. Within the three decades, Singapore was transformed from a third to first world country while Nigeria was caught up with International Monetary Fund’s Structural Adjustment Program. This Comparative Study captures cross-national differences and finds out lessons Nigeria can learn from Singapore in pursuing an inclusive and sustainable economic development. This book is a fitting primary source for students, scholars and researchers of development studies, public policy, development economics, leadership, governance and regional development.
The invasion of terrorist attacks has changed the face of security operation worldwide. Security has become a common theme considered by almost every person around the world. However, as security personnel already know, the basic concepts and theories of security and loss prevention are not changed by a single event. Antiterroristsprofessionalshadbeenpredicting much of what happened on 9/11 in USA as well as terrorist attacks in Africa in general terms for the past several decades. What is important is that we learn lessons that are present in the development of security operations, apply those that relates to our present situation, modify those that have potential to assist us in our efforts and discard outdated and outmodel ideas and technology. The information presented in Part One with with its recommendations will serve as a basis for understanding and applying the materials presented in Part Two and Three.
The book which is about the origin, theory and practice of Federalism in Nigeria examines the travails and prospects of application of the Federal system of government in the most populous country in the African Continent. The authors argued that the option of federalism is undoubtedly the best option in Nigeria by which too many of the ethnic expressions and identities can be successfully managed. However, they have demonstrated that despite its viability, the application of the federal system of government in Nigeria has met several challenges, ranging from constitutional crises, and the war, too many military interventions/engagements in the nations’ body politic, ethnic nationalism etc. The authors have further shown that at the moment, the prospect of the Nigerian Federalism appear rather bleak and wondered if the system worked well in some other countries why can’t it work in Nigeria? The book is presented in eight chapters: Chapter one deals with Conceptual and Theoretical Issues in which the concept of Power and Federalism is clarified. Chapter two deals with the antecedents and origin of Federalism in Nigeria. Chapter three is concerned with the emergence of political structures along the ancient problem of multi-ethnic and religious identities in Nigeria. The idea of the chapter is to underscore the necessity for federalism in a country with too many nationalities. Chapter four which is a follow upof the previous issues deals with the problem of ethnic minorities in historical perspective. Chapter five is on Federalism under crises in Nigeria. Chapter six examines the shuttle between the successive military and civilian regimes in Nigeria since 1960. Chapter seven is on the controversial issue of Resource Allocation in Nigeria since 1960 to date, while chapter eight examines the prospects of Federalism in the present century. From the foregoing, it is evident that the authors have succeeded in clarifying the basic issues of Federalism in Nigeria.
In this book: Nigerian Politics, Economy and Society Commentaries and Public Lectures on Selected Themes, 2007-2012, Chief Dr Terkura Suswam has brought his sterling intellectual prowess to bear on the interpretation of the attitude of Nigerian political actors and the forces that intertwine politics and economy in Nigerian society. In the political realm, the author trenchantly exposes the irrationality in the character of some Nigerian politicians with moving illustrations in an attempt to show how this has served as a major drawback to popular development in the country. With adequate attention to the existence of positive political forces in Nigeria, the author presents the Nigerian society in the light of a theatre that houses both the positive and negative forces. From an informed standpoint, the author forcefully expresses his optimism in the eventual victory of the positive forces over the negative forces. At the micro level of analysis, the author laments the various political infelicities that have trailed the conscious efforts towards growth and development in Tivland and Benue State since 1976 with special emphasis on the period between 2007 and 2012. His allusion to the fact that Benue State has gallantly overcome some basic political challenges to attain new levels of growth and development in various sectors, especially between 2007 and 2012, is quite assertive and instructive. As much as the issues generated in the book are purely the creative opinion and the intellectual position of the author, it is logical to submit that the utility value of the book resides in its capacity to provoke development thoughts and engender new approaches to the attainment of collective greatness in all human societies.
Recovery (MAMSER) and later, the National Orientation Agency (NOA) was geared towards the reorientation of Nigerians’ psyche on the cultivation of the virtue of decency and economic recovery, and while General Abdulsalam Abubakar was applauded as the harbinger of the May 29, 1999 nascent democracy when he willingly handed over the government to an elected civilian administration. President Olusegun Obasanjo, in his undaunted desire to move Nigeria ahead from her doldrums in the comity of nations from May 29, 1999, initiated many vibrant programmes. Amongst such remarkable schedules were the promulgation into law of the Corrupt Practices and Related Offences Act 2000, introduction of consensus politicsunlikeinthepastwhenthewinnertookall. Thiswasevident in the Federal Executive Council membership which composed representatives of the Alliance for Democracy (AD), the All Nigerian People’s Party (ANPP) and the ruling Peoples Democratic Party (PDP). President Obasanjo’s latest appeal and which has captured the admiration of most patriotic Nigerians is his “Declaration of Human Rights and Responsibilities to one’s self, one’s family, neighbours, community and to the state” at the formal launching of the campaign on National Rebirth in Abuja on September 10, 1999. Nigeria: The Path to National Rebirth is my widow’s mite in the nation’s bid to enhance its citizens’ awareness on the need to abhor all vices and adore virtues. I vehemently pray that Almighty God would make this book arouse the desired positive impacts on its readers so that we will patriotically develop Nigeria to the liking of all lovers of good things. If citizens of other countries have done so, why can’t Nigerians facilitate fast understanding and development?
In the last few years, there has been a lot of concern and debate, not only among policy makers, but also within the academia and the public at large, regarding the attainment of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) in Nigeria. This has led to the initiation of various reforms, beginning with the banking sector reforms, introduced towards the end of 2004, all aimed at creating a favorable environment for meeting the objectives of the MDGs. The present book of readings addresses some of these reforms and represents a contribution by our Department of Economics to the ongoing discussion. While the range of reforms advocated here is not exhaustive, it nevertheless emphasises once again the well known fact that there are also non-economic factors involved in economic development. In this regard, it must be pointed out that the sectors of the economy considered in the volume include, not only the purely economic ones like banking and finance, insurance, etc. but also the political and sociological areas such as corruption and the harmful effects of widowhood rites. It must also be noted that the recommendations emphasize that reforms are needed at all levels, including the public and private sectors of the economy, as well as the individual level. I commend the efforts of our Department of Economics, the editors and the contributors to this volume. The book deserves a most enthusiastic welcome by all (policy makers, the academia and the general public) who are working towards or looking forward to the attainment of the MDGs in Nigeria.
This book, Moved by Passion for My Country is an important literature on problems we have created ourselves as a nation. It provides an insight into background of what we are feeling and seeing today. The author is not satisfied with the effort put in place to ameliorate the problem plaguing the nation. He has identified poverty as the greatest problem observed to be witnessed in recent times. He opines that only acquisition of adequate knowledge can salvage this problem. That is the type of knowledge that can make us self-reliant. The author rightly posits that Nigeria is at the crossroad, since leaders and the led have failed to initiate programmes to remove corrupt tendencies and practices with their attendant challenges and failures. For Nigeria to develop the right attitude to guarantee our nation development agenda, it demands entirely a new approach in our insight, thinking, perspective, reasoning and concern for the plight of the citizenry. In search for a panacea, this work leans heavily on the work of Professor Dora Akunyili, the initiator of the Rebranding Nigeria project, whose role model is that of re-orientation and development of policies predicated on seriousness and dedication in the implementation of policies and discussions that can lead to honest and committed leadership by example such as sincerity, transparency, accountability etc. for a better tomorrow. Thus, the author identifies MDGs, though foreign, as the most credible programme “fashioned to take care of the common man’s welfare”. This identification, together with the enriching factors that define the underdevelopment in the underdeveloped African countries at the beginning of the book, makes the book not only a good reference text, but also a practical manual. I commend the author, Mr Hemern Chabo, for providing this useful literature on an all-important subject of poverty as the greatest problem facing the nation. I am happy to recommend the book to students and practitioners alike.
A Million Miles Away is a biography of His Royal Majesty, Sen. Sir Emmanuel Onyatikpo Elayo. Events here-in have been Presented in six chapters. Chapter one makes straineous efforts to postulate some scanty information on the Historical background of the personality’s people, the Alago. The other five chapters all take an in-depth look into who the man is, attached also are memoirs of memory by his allies. At this juncture we would really like to urge scholars, particularly of historical and anthropological studies, to rise up and address the challenges posed by the controversial historical stands of some of the Niger-Benue Confluence nations, especially of the Alago-Idoma nations. This six chapter book is not an attempt to exaggerate or politicise the personality of Elayo and the traditional seat of Osana of Keana. It is a humble attempt to present to the society one of the life wires and source of inspiration and of political direction to the political stability of Nasarawa State and Nige- ria at large. Osana of Keana as a traditional ruler is able to excel because of his rich experiences as a born teacher, an ad- ministrator and a remarkable politician. Living an exemplary, humane, accommodative and philanthropic life and a Knight of Saint Murumba (KSM), Osana truly deserves a documenta- tion of his biography while he is still alive to avoid apologetic ambiguities in an attempt to have a comprehensive biography of his life in his absence. The first chapter traces the long history of the Alago and the emergence of Keana city with the institution of the tradi- tional stool of the Osana. The long history of the people is given prominence and intensity in this biography because the history of a king is a history of his place and people. The family, birth, growth and tutelage of His Royal Majesty, Senator Emmanuel Onyatikpo Elayo is captured in Chapter Two with the aim of presenting his diplomatic role to his people in Chapter Three.
This work examines why the Lower Benue Valley communities that were erstwhile at peace with themselves have now earned a reputation as an area noted for orgy of violence along the Settler-Indigene divide. In fact, the continuous struggle between groups of the zone has intensified with attendant consequences of group distrust, suspicion, antagonism and tension culminating in violent expressions. Thus, the Lower Benue area has been stigmatised as an area known for violence. Specifically, the work sees the changing trend of peaceful and mutual co-existence to the divisive legacy of colonialism which emphasised the differences of the people by bringing to the fore that, the people and communities were separated from great distances, differences of history and traditions, ethnology, political, social and religious barriers. Closely related, the nature and character of colonialism was economically exploitative. The work also argues that, even at independence, party politics emerged as a means of gaining power to enhance economic wellbeing of the political class and their friends, (prebendal politics) hence, the Lower Benue Valley communities have devised the means of survival, which is exploring the phenomenon of settler-indigene, so that, other communities are excluded in the scheme of things in order to benefit from power and resources alone, which often leads to violent conflicts. The work suggests that, when the diverse ethnic groups in the Lower Benue Valley are shown a sense of belonging, and they participate in the decision making through Democracy and the political class is determined to provide good governance: peace, harmony, accommodation, tolerance and the mutual co-existence that once existed in the Lower Benue Valley will return.
The invasion of terrorist attacks has changed the face of security operation worldwide. Security has become a common theme considered by almost every person around the world. However, as security personnel already know, the basic concepts and theories of security and loss prevention are not changed by a single event. Antiterroristsprofessionalshadbeenpredicting much of what happened on 9/11 in USA as well as terrorist attacks in Africa in general terms for the past several decades. What is important is that we learn lessons that are present in the development of security operations, apply those that relates to our present situation, modify those that have potential to assist us in our efforts and discard outdated and outmodel ideas and technology.
The book examines the emergence, growth and development of federalism in Nigeria through time, and discusses its many dimensions, problems as well as implications on the development of the country and its peoples. While establishing the pre-colonial antecedence of federalism as a political arrangement in Nigeria, contributors to this important volume attempted to analyze changes, continuities and adjustments during the colonial period and since independence. Some of the challenges underpinning federalism in Nigeria, their roots, basis and manifestations, were also thoroughly examined.
This study assessed the impacts of Exchange Rate Volatility on Inflationary Rate in Nigeria from 1986 to 2016. Secondary data sourced from CBN Statistical Bulletin 2015 was used in this study. The Autoregressive Conditional Heteroskedasticity (ARCH) was developed and applied by the authors where the following macroeconomic variables were used: Exchange Rate (EXR), Inflation Rate (INFR), Broad Money Supply (BMS) and Interest Rate. The ARDL Bound Test was used to assess the long-run relationship between exchange rate volatility and inflation in Nigeria and more so the study employed granger casualty test to identify the causality between exchange rate volatility and inflation in Nigeria. It was however; found out that exchange rate volatility has a negative relationship with inflation. The effect of exchange rate on inflation is very weak and low. Interest rate and Broad money supply also have negative effect on inflation rate in Nigeria, while GDP has a positive effect on inflationary rate in Nigeria. In the same vein the co-integration test shows that, there’s a long run relationship between inflation and exchange rate volatility in Nigeria and finally the granger casualty test shows a unidirectional casualty between the two variables inflation and exchange rate volatility, it shows that inflation causes exchange rate and not otherwise. Hence it was recommended that: The government should take a bold step to ensure exchange rate stability so that investors can have confidence in our financial system and the government as a matter of urgency should also diversify the economy in order to boost productivity, revive every sector of the economy that is not so that normalcy and price stability can be achieved in our economy.