Entries on Medical Sciences
This groundbreaking biography ushers readers into the life of Senator, Chief (Dr) Joshua Atume Adagba (Atakpa U Tiv). Relying heavily upon Adagba’s notes, letters, and publications, this captivating book chronicles the life of a man who brought showmanship to medicine and politics, and touched the grey matter of obstetrics and gynaecology. No history of modern obstetrics and gynaecology in this part of the country is complete without the mentioning of Dr Adagba.
With so much time spent as an alternative Health practitioner, a book by a patient turned practitioner and a friend is in my opinion a great testimony to the efficacy of traditional or as the author puts it in the book “Food is Gods own prescription for prevention and cure of Diseases” as the way to everlasting health and wealth. A good understanding of the basics of wellness is what the book strives to achieve and that if grasped will ultimately be of immense benefit to both the practitioners and patients as the cost of ill health is prohibitive in terms of finance, energy and time to both the care givers and community. A healthy population is a productive and happy population.
Mosquito control strategies adopted by the residents of two Ishiagu Communities (Okue and Ihie)were investgated. 53 households in Okue and 54 in Ihie were sampled. Simple structured questionnaires were prepared and administered. Percentages and chi square (X2) test of significance was employed in analysing the data. The result revealed that 429 % of the residents of the two communities used insecticides, 25.2% used mosquito coils, 6.5% used smoke of local herbs and 5.6% were insensitive to mosquito nuisance and careless about mosquito control. Choice of control measures by residents of the two communities were not statistically significant (P > 0.05). Occupational related preferences revealed that farmers ranked highest in the use of insecticides and coils (21.5%) each. 131% of teachers use insecticides and 37% use nettings. Statistical analysis of the occupational related choice patterns was significant (P < 005).
The introduction of forage legumes into grass pastures has generally improved grazing animal production by increasing total edible biomass and nutrient profiles. An experiment was designed tostudy the performance of sheep grazing Brachiaria decumbens, Panicum maximum and Pennisetum purpureum in combination with Gliricidia sepium. Eighteen paddocks of approximately 0.03 ha were used in the tra Nine of the paddocks had Gliricidia sepium alley planted in rows 4 mapart and interplanted with 4 rows of either Brachiaria decumbens, Panicum maximum, or Pennisetum purpureum. The other nine paddocks had only the grass species withoutthe Gliricidia sepium. The paddocks were each grazed by 3 sheep. The pure grass stands without the Gliricidia sepium served as controls for the grass species in combination with Gliricidia sepium. The three grasses and their combinations within the alley plots were replicated three times.The animals weregrazed continuously for 28 days in the sub plots. Sheep grazing the Gliricidia/Panicum plot had a higher (P < 001) growth rate (38 g d-1) than those animals grazing both the Gliricidia/Bracharia (23 g d-1) and Gliricida/Pennisetum (21 g d-1) plots respectively. There was no significant difference (P > 0.05) between sheep grazing the Gliricidia/Bracharia and Gliricidia/Pennisetum plots. The total dry matter intake of sheep on the Gliricidia/Panicum plot was higher (P < 005) (1.33 kg DM d-1) than that of sheep on Gliricidia/Bracharia (0.86 kg DM d-1) and Gliricidia/Pennisetum (0.43 kg DM d-1) plots respectivey. The total biomass from the Gliricidia/Bracharia (23 t ha -1)and Gliricidia/Panicum (21 t ha -1) plots respectively were higher (P < 001) than the total biomass from the Gliricidia/Pennisetum ( 13 t ha -1) plo. These results demonstrate that grazing West African dwarf sheep in a Gliricidia sepium/Panicum maximum plot improved their growth rate during dry season when feed supplies are limited. It also underscores the poor performance of animals
There were significant differences (p < 0.05) between the males and females in their TLC at weeks 4 and 40 of age, ALC at week 24 of age and absolute neutrophil counts (ANC) at weeks 4, 20 and 24 of age. The absolute values obtained in this present study were for some parameters different from the reference values documented for mice in the temperate countries, but the trend of age related variations and differences between the sexes were nearly the same except for the ANC.
The use of Acon- Pf and thick smear tests in parallel, first collecting the Acon-Pf results, as it contributes in reading the thin smear result for confirmation of species, diagnosis and assessment of parasitaemia. Thus, Acon-Pf test device is a viable cost effective adjunct to routine microscopy and a reliable option for malaria diagnosis in remote and emergency situations.
Conclusively, the current study indicates that P. thonningii ethyl acetate leaf extract at the dose administered (250 mg/kg bwt po) protected rats against AlCl3-induced liver damage.
The systemic availability of a drug is the amount of administered drug which reaches the systemic circulation intact (Graham-Smith and Aronson, 1992). Measurement of drug concentration in the blood and urine are performed to determine the need for adjustment of the dosage or of the schedule of administration (Saganuwan et al., 2003).