Entries on History
The prehistoric site of Ugwuele in Uturu of Abia State was discovered about three decades ago. The state of euphoria associated with this spectacular discovery fuelled a lot of research interest on the site at the initial stages. With the passage of time, however, the research interest could not be sustained, probably due to a number of seemingly difficult obstacles that needed to be crossed, to enable the original intertia to be regained. In this paper, therefore, we shall attempt to re-visit the site in order to appraise the progress of work by the Pioneer researchers and also suggest ways of mustering support for research to continue at the site in order to save it from the threats of destruction from other competing interests.
The use of science and technology for historical research is not new. As science in all its ramifications unfolds new ways of meeting challenges faced by humankind, its application literally transverses the plethora of activities that engage us as humans. In the last 50 years, major advances in the fields of biology and computer science has led to the emergence of a new sub-discipline often referred to as “Historical Genetics”. By using super computers with specially designed applications and advanced algorithms, researchers have been able to map, track and trace some aspects of the human genetic code. This development has significantly empowered historians and archaeologists to scientifically reinforce and authenticate some of their erstwhile assumptions and findings in their studies of inter-group relations, migrations and settlements. In this essay, I present an exposition of some of the current trends in historical genetics and achaeogenetics and show how they present an opportunity for researchers to revisit most of the current assumptions that we have today regarding several aspects of our cultural history in general and inter-group relationships in particular.
The main idea of philosophy plays a significant role in human reasoning. It changes the role of material circumstances in human activities, it invokes the notions of human agency and it depicts generally acceptable meaning of historian events. It ensures the willingness of full understanding of ourselves in the present by understanding the choices, the forces and circumstances that results to our present situation and it also ensures a possible learning from history; that is; the Past. These reflections can be amalgamated together into a body of work to ensure a philosophy of history. In ensuring the Plurality of voices within the philosophy of history; it is impossible to give one explanation of the field that fits all these approaches. We can sensibly think of philosopher’s writings concerning history as entailing metaphysics, historicism, epistemology and hermeneutics including several important questions: - Does History in general have structure, meaning, direction beyond the individual actions and events that makes it up? - To what degree is human history constitutive of the human represent? - What does history comprise of –social structures, regions, periods, individual actions, large casual processes, civilizations, divine intervention? - What is entailed in our representing, knowing and defining history?
This article is the result of a fieldwork undertaken between 2001 and 2003 among some Anglican Churches in Ikwerreland.