Entries on Governance
Leadership, Policy and Economic Development in Nigeria and Singapore: a Comparative (1960 - 1990) is a sweeping comparison of Nigeria and Singapore on their economic development performances. It further critically assesses how leaderships in the two countries were able to influence these performances through their economic policies and developmental efforts. Particular emphasis is placed on between 1960 and 1990; although post 1990 is briefly captured but strictly on economic policies and performances of successive governments. This book elementrifies foundational reasons why the two countries have divergent economic development statistics despite starting with homologous economic statistics in the 1960s, with cross-national opportunities and constraints. It reveals how the two different and newly independent countries in the 60s followed different paths toward nation building. The correlations between leadership, economic policymaking and implementation, and economic development are established. The period of 1960 to 1990 played key, formative roles in the both countries’ economic development narratives. Within the three decades, Singapore was transformed from a third to first world country while Nigeria was caught up with International Monetary Fund’s Structural Adjustment Program. This Comparative Study captures cross-national differences and finds out lessons Nigeria can learn from Singapore in pursuing an inclusive and sustainable economic development. This book is a fitting primary source for students, scholars and researchers of development studies, public policy, development economics, leadership, governance and regional development.
The situation of unrest in the country calls for a more concerted effort to restore peace and stability. This can be done from many fronts. Proper to our milieu is education through the print media. To achieve this therefore, the editorial crew of the Aquinas’ Journal chose for 2015 to add more value to the matter with the theme: Violence in the Land and Journey to Peace. With this theme, the Journal identifies Boko Haram, unethical campaign languages, hate speeches sexual violence against women and the violence of Tiv/Fulani as common catalysts to conflict in the land. On a similar note, it offers the opportunity to consider/rethink once again our togetherness as a nation and present unity as an imperative in our sophisticated world. Having done these, alternative means of conflict resolution, reciprocity and Christian religious education are highlighted as the recipes for peaceful coexistence.
Book writing is rather a difficult task, this explains why there are very few books on very important issues in Nigeria. It is therefore commendable when the upcoming generation of scholars like Jibrin M. Waziri and Ibrahim M. Bako take it upon themselves to break the Jinx by writig a book on the subject matter of federalism in Nigeria. They depended solely on secondary sources in their analysis thereby making the book a scholarly contribution.
The tortuous experience by Nigerians from poverty in the mist of plenty has become a matter of great concern to some of its leaders, academic theoreticians and pragmatic activists. This concern centres most on the corrupt tendencies of the country’s leaders and the creation of a culture that appears to have instituted this corruptions as a virtue. There have been attempts by previous governments to change this phenomenon which went without any impact since the preachers of such messages practice otherwise. Theories have been propounded and the policies, programmes and projects that have been formulated on the basis of these theories have, not unexpectedly, had notable failings.
In this book: Nigerian Politics, Economy and Society Commentaries and Public Lectures on Selected Themes, 2007-2012, Chief Dr Terkura Suswam has brought his sterling intellectual prowess to bear on the interpretation of the attitude of Nigerian political actors and the forces that intertwine politics and economy in Nigerian society. In the political realm, the author trenchantly exposes the irrationality in the character of some Nigerian politicians with moving illustrations in an attempt to show how this has served as a major drawback to popular development in the country. With adequate attention to the existence of positive political forces in Nigeria, the author presents the Nigerian society in the light of a theatre that houses both the positive and negative forces. From an informed standpoint, the author forcefully expresses his optimism in the eventual victory of the positive forces over the negative forces. At the micro level of analysis, the author laments the various political infelicities that have trailed the conscious efforts towards growth and development in Tivland and Benue State since 1976 with special emphasis on the period between 2007 and 2012. His allusion to the fact that Benue State has gallantly overcome some basic political challenges to attain new levels of growth and development in various sectors, especially between 2007 and 2012, is quite assertive and instructive. As much as the issues generated in the book are purely the creative opinion and the intellectual position of the author, it is logical to submit that the utility value of the book resides in its capacity to provoke development thoughts and engender new approaches to the attainment of collective greatness in all human societies.
A Million Miles Away is a biography of His Royal Majesty, Sen. Sir Emmanuel Onyatikpo Elayo. Events here-in have been Presented in six chapters. Chapter one makes straineous efforts to postulate some scanty information on the Historical background of the personality’s people, the Alago. The other five chapters all take an in-depth look into who the man is, attached also are memoirs of memory by his allies. At this juncture we would really like to urge scholars, particularly of historical and anthropological studies, to rise up and address the challenges posed by the controversial historical stands of some of the Niger-Benue Confluence nations, especially of the Alago-Idoma nations. This six chapter book is not an attempt to exaggerate or politicise the personality of Elayo and the traditional seat of Osana of Keana. It is a humble attempt to present to the society one of the life wires and source of inspiration and of political direction to the political stability of Nasarawa State and Nige- ria at large. Osana of Keana as a traditional ruler is able to excel because of his rich experiences as a born teacher, an ad- ministrator and a remarkable politician. Living an exemplary, humane, accommodative and philanthropic life and a Knight of Saint Murumba (KSM), Osana truly deserves a documenta- tion of his biography while he is still alive to avoid apologetic ambiguities in an attempt to have a comprehensive biography of his life in his absence. The first chapter traces the long history of the Alago and the emergence of Keana city with the institution of the tradi- tional stool of the Osana. The long history of the people is given prominence and intensity in this biography because the history of a king is a history of his place and people. The family, birth, growth and tutelage of His Royal Majesty, Senator Emmanuel Onyatikpo Elayo is captured in Chapter Two with the aim of presenting his diplomatic role to his people in Chapter Three.
The book examines the emergence, growth and development of federalism in Nigeria through time, and discusses its many dimensions, problems as well as implications on the development of the country and its peoples. While establishing the pre-colonial antecedence of federalism as a political arrangement in Nigeria, contributors to this important volume attempted to analyze changes, continuities and adjustments during the colonial period and since independence. Some of the challenges underpinning federalism in Nigeria, their roots, basis and manifestations, were also thoroughly examined.
ABSTRACT The federal and state governments of Nigeria suffer from many fiscal imbalances including a long history of fiscal deficits and unsustainable fiscal policy in the economy. Hence, this paper examines the sustainability of the federal and state fiscal deficits from 1960-2013, using the Gregory-Hansen co-integration test and the Zivot-Andrews unit root test, which allow for structural break. In this connection, the results indicate that the federal fiscal deficit is weakly sustainable while that of the state governments is unsustainable. It is therefore recommended that both the federal and state governments should consolidate their fiscal operations by rationalizing their expenditures and augment their revenue sources. Specifically, the governments should meaningfully cut their expenditures by blocking all fiscal leakages, reducing the cost of governance through cuts in the pays of political office holders and scrapping unnecessary offices. The governments should also diversify their revenue sources and resuscitate highly competitive public enterprises. Keywords: Fiscal sustainability; Debt; Fiscal deficits; Structural break; Nigeria JEL classification: E62; H72; H710
Taxation is a universal phenomenon. From ancient times, it has been the source of financial support to governments in the running of state affairs all over the world. The laws of the Federal Republic of Nigeria specify the payment of taxes of various forms and shades by all-income earners and entrepreneurs in the country either as individual or as corporate organization. Thus individuals, companies or institutions pay taxes to the various levels of government according to their incomes or assets. Today, unlike before, a hot debate arises on the national media whether religious bodies now emerging in their numbers are also subject to the government‟s tax policies. Religious bodies in general are considered as non income earning and this shows the rationale for their apparent immunity from tax payment in Nigeria. This paper concentrates on whether government should tax churches or not. Admittedly, the recent trend of the formal involvement of many church bodies, denominations or personalities in enterprises with business orientation - school management, industries, financial institutions, article shops etc, calls this seeming immunity to question. Noting the difficulty in defining what is meant by "business orientation" with regard to church enterprises, this paper sees the logic in taxing those church enterprise that are strictly commercial.
There have been a lot of speculations that the English language is elitist; that rural dwellers do not participate actively in government, and that women in the rural areas do not have equal opportunity in governance with men. Different governments- nationally and internationally- have mapped out some programmes and strategies towards eliminating the divide that exists between men and women participation in governance and national development. These programs of which MDG is one are all in recognition of the backwardness of females in self and societal development and the fact that the female gender seems to have resigned their fate to living in the shadows of men in matters that is the prerogative of both men and women. The fact that these programmes appears not to be achieving their expected goals at the intended speed has compelled the writers to look into the issues that could be a clog in the wheel of progress of the nation in achieving the MDG. After critical examination of the role of the English language in Nigeria as the lingua franca, the writers discovered that linguistic problems are the predominant of the problems affecting governance and development in Nigeria. This paper therefore, examines these linguistic matters and seeks to provide answers to the related questions: What constitutes good governance? How has the government been able to communicate with people in the rural areas? How have the people in the rural areas been able to express themselves actively in governance through the English language? What are the linguistic factors militating against the effective participation of rural women in governance? The authors also wish to provide recommendations to the possible solution to English language barriers among women participation in government in the rural areas.