Entries on Food
Research shows that poor governance, illiteracy, disease and lack of political will are the major factors hindering development. Our government need act now!
Governments faced with growing budget deficits are cutting much social expenditure, including costly food subsidy programs that have provided benefits to the rich and poor alike. Because the poor spend a larger share of their income on food than do the rich, however, such cuts usually have negative distributional, welfare and nutritional effects. One of the most contentious issues in the country since the beginning of this year is that of whether or not the government actually pays subsidy on petroleum products enjoyed by Nigerians. The government claimed that the burden of subsidy that amounted to N1.3billion last year was too much for it to bear. As a result of this, the government on January 1, 2012 increased the pump price from N65 to N140. Nigerians protested in a manner that was never witnessed. At the end of the day President Jonathan was forced to reduce the price to N97 per litre of petrol. Since then, there have been allegations and counter allegations regarding the veracity of government’s claims on subsidy. The truth of the matter is that Nigerians deserve to know why they are being forced to pay for the ineptitude of government in the name of subsidy. As a result of the removal of the subsidy, there has been major increase in the process of food items across the Nigerian cities in the two months. The paper examines the effects of the subsidy removal on the prices of food stuffs in Nigeria since 2012. The paper concludes by positing that Nigerians are daily grapping with increases in prices of food and other essential items without commensuration from government.
Agriculture has remained an important aspect of any economy. Viable agricultural programmes and activities in any polity are capable of sustaining the food supply and reserves needed for the welfare of the citizens. But in Nigeria, Agriculture is despised as able bodied young people do not have interest in Agriculture. Climate change and clashes between herdsmen and farmers and the activities of Boko Haram sect have added to food insecurity challenges in the polity as population displacement, death, and non-cultivation of farmlands and the burning down of farm produce have reduced the quality and quantity of food demand. Although the Federal Government had assured Nigerians that the fear over imminent food crisis in 2013 was unfounded, many Nigerians, especially concerned stakeholders, are not persuaded that the means and ways being devised by government at all levels can possibly address the challenge. This paper addresses the causes and consequences of these challenges and concludes by positing that without addressing these challenges, food insecurity will persist in Nigeria for a long time.
There has been renewed interest in food security related issues in many developing nations. This revival is occasioned by the dramatic rise in food prices across the globe occasioned by increased global food demand, diminishing global food reserves, erratic weather patterns, increased cost of petroleum products and illegal land use among others. In Nigeria, several agricultural policies have been formulated to curtail food security challenges. Unfortunately, these policies have not yielded the desired results of increase food production. This paper, thus, explores the various challenges confronting food security in Nigeria with a view of highlighting the reasons that account for these problems. The paper also suggests ways of address these challenges and concludes by positing that the task of feeding the populace adequately constitutes an increasing challenge, requiring the coordinated efforts and interaction of food producers, transporters, market operators and a myriad of retailers.