Entries on Education
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This study examined the level of awareness and effectiveness of environmental education among tertiary students in Adeyemi College of Education, Ondo. A self- designed, structured questionnaire was used on a sample of one hundred (100) students to elicit information from them on their knowledge of environmental education. Mean, standard deviation and t-test were employed to analyze the data obtained. The findings revealed that most students were aware of the key environmental issues and they also understood the causes of some of these environmental issues. The findings further shows that students had ideas about the problems facing the effectiveness of environmental education. This data was used as a springboard for exploring ways by which environmental education (EE) in tertiary institutions might capitalize on student knowledge, and hence progress towards environmental action taking; and how this might occur through tertiary students being nurtured into the role of informed decision-makers and action-takers. Furthermore, it is therefore recommended that interactive teaching methodologies should be adopted in enhancing active teaching and learning of Environmental Education. The study finally concluded that environmental education in tertiary schools must be given equal importance like other conventional courses so that students who are the future citizens must be encouraged in eco- friendly activities for solving environmental problems.
In this period of economy set back and stagnancy, which has resulted into a frequent vociferous cry of the masses, we need other practical and workable channels that can bring forth economic revival and multiple employments for the masses. Hence, this study critically reveals and elucidates the unnoticed vocational aspects of physics and the principles guiding them. Some of these vocational packages in physics are electrical repairs or installation and electronic appliance repairs or assembling, building of local boat, setting up of solar panels. Other realistic skills identified and explained in this study include operation of optical service centers, production of mirrors, assembling of some optical instruments such as camera, periscope and projectors, installation of refrigeration and cold room gadgets, setting up of x-ray and ultrasound services etc. the barriers that limit physics education from fully reaching and realizing the desired apogee of vocational exploit, entrepreneurship, economic development and the mechanism required to remove the limitation were also emphasized in the study.
Abstract:Pension scheme administration in Nigeria, before the introduction of the new contributory scheme, was fraught with numerous problems associated with weak administration, lack of regulatory and supervisory agency, mismanagement of pension funds, absence of database on pensioners profiles, insufficient budgetary allocation and untimely release of funds which culminated in huge arrears of pension rights. Pensioners in the old scheme were subjected to untold hardship after meritorious service to the nation. The introduction of the new contributory pension scheme and investment of consolidated pension funds to generate returns accruable to pensioners as additional pension benefits have ushered in hope to hitherto hapless retirees and potential pensioners in Nigeria. The study is predicated on the agency theory as its theoretical framework. The methodology adopted primary and secondary sources of data generation. T-test is used to test the hypothesis. The article investigates the contractual relationship between the principals and agents in the pension business and to ascertain whether the agent is working to protect and serve the interest of the principal as regards to actual declaration of exact investment returns and payment of investment returns to enhance pension benefits of pensioners under the scheme. The result of the study reveals that investment of consolidated funds in the new contributory pension scheme generates additional pension benefits to retirees and the contributory workers in service. Creation of awareness about the provisions of the Act among the workforce and periodic review of the Act to reflect socioeconomic realities of the nation are recommended to make the scheme functionally meaningful to its beneficiaries.
Abstract: This paper focuses attention on the administrative issues and problems of planning education in Nigeria, with special reference to the planners themselves, that is the Federal Government and state administrators. One of the major problems is that all too often, recommendations don’t come from school administrators, teachers and other school personnel. This, no doubt may have constituted problems in planning and implementation of education in Nigeria and equally led to the failure of most of the formulated educational policies. The status quo of administrative planning of education in Nigeria should be revisited considering its developmental nature against our youths who are the future of the country. For effective administrative planning the country ‘s economy should be looked into and considered before schools in Nigeria start production of graduates into the labour market, to avoid producing more number of graduates the economy can carry.
Abstract: This study sought to investigate the effect of simulation method on secondary school students’ achievement in Government. It is a quasi-experimental study of non equivalent group design. Two research questions and two null hypotheses were formulated to guide the study. A sample of 120 students from two randomly selected secondary schools in Ayamelum Local Government Area of Anambra State, Nigeria was used for the study. Government Achievement Test (GAT) was developed, validated and used for data collection. The instrument (GAT) was trial-tested using Kudder-Richardson (K-R20) which established a reliability index of 0.87 which warranted its use for the study. Mean, standard deviation and Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA) were used for the data analysis. The results revealed that students performed significantly better in Government when exposed to simulation method than conventional lecture method. It was also found that male and female students’ achievement using simulation method, do not differ significantly. It concluded that if simulation method is adopted in teaching Government, students would learn practical skills and develop critical thinking ability that will help them survive in the society. The study recommended among others that curriculum designers should recommend simulation method as one of the interactive and participatory approaches to the study of Government and that government teachers adopt it in their teaching.
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Abstract:The premise of this paper is that there is an urgent need for political education in Nigeria on account that Nigerian democracy is expected to accelerate national development. The reason for this submission is that Nigerian democracy has failed to meet the expectations of the masses. A number of indicators x-ray the lapses of the Nigerian democracy. They are: inability to provide the masses with good leadership, ethnicity, corruption, election crises and inadequate logistics, enthronement of mediocrity at the expense of meritocracy, violation of fundamental human rights of the citizens and other rape of democracy tendencies. To address these problems, the role of political education for political re-orientation of the citizens cannot be over-emphasized. The paper found that inadequate political education remains the bane of Nigerian democracy. That adequate political education to the citizenry will enable them have knowledge of the fundamental human rights. This will help them respect one another; shun ethnicity, corruption, favouritism and other acts capable of opposing democratic governance. The study recommended that government at all levels should organize political enlightenment programmes for the citizens towards the sustainable democracy for national development in Nigeria.
The 21st Century and the current trends in knowledge economy have produced powerful jingles that are linked with the Millennium Development Goals. The world as a unitary system may be difficult to sustain but the contemporary world as a knowledge-driven system has created a novel situation which, according to Oriafo (2005), is commonly referred to as globalization. Yet we know that there has always been the cultural hierarchy and compartmentalization of the word into races, classes and groups with such antithetical combinations as haves/have nots, white/black, developed/underdeveloped as well as Europe and America/the rest of the world. It does not matter the diversity of culture or level of education, there is always the over-riding image of the slaves and the enslaver which gives rise to a similar image of the horse and the rider. The antithetical combinations are matter-of- fact situations in human relationships but there is a natural foundation that can be nurtured to produce the varying vantage and disadvantaged positions.. This paper therefore, explores what may be described as ―naturecratic education‖ but with some recourse to the provisions of modern world.
Currently, Nigerian college students rank low among students of both the industrialized anddeveloping countries when it comes to achievement in Science Technology, Engineering andMathematics (STEM). This is a fact borne out in test scores and other assessments ofacademic achievement in various examinations. This paper defines STEM as an educationaltaxonomy used in the context of multidisciplinary domain when addressing educationalpolicy and curriculum choices in schools to improve competitiveness in science andtechnology development. The perspective in this paper shows that STEM has implications onthe workforce development, national security concerns and other related policies. In thispaper, STEM definition as it relates to the new digital economy and knowledge era fornational capacity building is presented. A modified framework for STEM education (MSTEM)from primary to tertiary level in Nigeria is proposed while articulating its merits. Bestpractices in M-STEM initiatives including programme implementation, sustainability andprofessional developments are discussed. The paper concludes by articulating the openchallenges while discussing the remediation
els 240 assignment- the presentation of gender and sexuality