Entries on Economy
Taxation is a universal phenomenon. From ancient times, it has been the source of financial support to governments in the running of state affairs all over the world. The laws of the Federal Republic of Nigeria specify the payment of taxes of various forms and shades by all-income earners and entrepreneurs in the country either as individual or as corporate organization. Thus individuals, companies or institutions pay taxes to the various levels of government according to their incomes or assets. Today, unlike before, a hot debate arises on the national media whether religious bodies now emerging in their numbers are also subject to the government‟s tax policies. Religious bodies in general are considered as non income earning and this shows the rationale for their apparent immunity from tax payment in Nigeria. This paper concentrates on whether government should tax churches or not. Admittedly, the recent trend of the formal involvement of many church bodies, denominations or personalities in enterprises with business orientation - school management, industries, financial institutions, article shops etc, calls this seeming immunity to question. Noting the difficulty in defining what is meant by "business orientation" with regard to church enterprises, this paper sees the logic in taxing those church enterprise that are strictly commercial.
The study set out to investigate the extent of influence leadership styles have on the communication behaviour of staff of Union Homes Savings and Loans Plc. In the pursuit of this goal, six (6) research questions were raised, in addition to two hypotheses. The survey research technique was employed with the questionnaire and the interview as primary and secondary instruments respectively. The questionnaire was designed for two sets of respondents in the population. The sets were for the management and non-management staff. Each of the sets contained nineteen (19) core issues related items, excluding three (3) items on the demographics of the subject. Both sets were also structured into five (5) parts. Part 1 contained questions on the demographics. Part 2 contained six (6) questions on the task related activities of Leadership. Part 3 contained six (6) questions on the people/relationship related tasks of leadership. Part 4 contained three questions on leadership styles and part 5 contained four (4) questions on communication behaviour resulting from the leaderships tasks in parts 2, 3 and 4. All items were set in the close-ended form.
This paper examines the characteristics and effects of „working-class consciousness‟ and actions on the coal-mining industry in Enugu, Eastern Nigeria during the colonial period. From the inception of the industry in 1915, the „working-class‟ shared similar economic motive that they protected through collective actions; the hallmark being the 1949 „go-slow‟ strike that led to the shooting incident. Drawing from both primary and secondary sources, the essay argues that management‟s efforts to create „labour aristocrats‟ failed, but the working-class consciousness and actions later had positive effects on workers‟ welfare at the industry. It concludes by placing the 1949 shooting incident in its proper historical perspective after a thorough appraisal.
Most politicians bend the laws of the land and steal money or solicit bribes because they need the funds to support networks of patronage. Others do it in order to reward their nearest and dearest or to maintain a lavish lifestyle when their political lives are over.
We all want the reality, not the dream, the goal nor the plan. Whether from spiritual, psychological, philosophical or even metaphysical point of view, there is always a process towards something. That is the natural law of cause and effect.
This work highlights some of the problem we have in the country that affects the economy and few solutions to these problems.
In our society today, a lot of errors have occurred in firms, organizations and governmental agencies by its personnels. At this stage, a question has reason- are these people qualified for these positions and how do we know if they are? The certification or the application?
An essay towards achieving economic growth in Nigeria