Entries on Development
After the day’s work, I stroll down the soccer field close to my resident. There are two sections; there adult were on the field playing, while there are set of boys within twelve years below with their coach learning how to kick the soccer ball in a particular way. To me I think I will learn more from those kids than the men, I quickly walk down to the kids section.
Leadership, Policy and Economic Development in Nigeria and Singapore: a Comparative (1960 - 1990) is a sweeping comparison of Nigeria and Singapore on their economic development performances. It further critically assesses how leaderships in the two countries were able to influence these performances through their economic policies and developmental efforts. Particular emphasis is placed on between 1960 and 1990; although post 1990 is briefly captured but strictly on economic policies and performances of successive governments. This book elementrifies foundational reasons why the two countries have divergent economic development statistics despite starting with homologous economic statistics in the 1960s, with cross-national opportunities and constraints. It reveals how the two different and newly independent countries in the 60s followed different paths toward nation building. The correlations between leadership, economic policymaking and implementation, and economic development are established. The period of 1960 to 1990 played key, formative roles in the both countries’ economic development narratives. Within the three decades, Singapore was transformed from a third to first world country while Nigeria was caught up with International Monetary Fund’s Structural Adjustment Program. This Comparative Study captures cross-national differences and finds out lessons Nigeria can learn from Singapore in pursuing an inclusive and sustainable economic development. This book is a fitting primary source for students, scholars and researchers of development studies, public policy, development economics, leadership, governance and regional development.
Recovery (MAMSER) and later, the National Orientation Agency (NOA) was geared towards the reorientation of Nigerians’ psyche on the cultivation of the virtue of decency and economic recovery, and while General Abdulsalam Abubakar was applauded as the harbinger of the May 29, 1999 nascent democracy when he willingly handed over the government to an elected civilian administration. President Olusegun Obasanjo, in his undaunted desire to move Nigeria ahead from her doldrums in the comity of nations from May 29, 1999, initiated many vibrant programmes. Amongst such remarkable schedules were the promulgation into law of the Corrupt Practices and Related Offences Act 2000, introduction of consensus politicsunlikeinthepastwhenthewinnertookall. Thiswasevident in the Federal Executive Council membership which composed representatives of the Alliance for Democracy (AD), the All Nigerian People’s Party (ANPP) and the ruling Peoples Democratic Party (PDP). President Obasanjo’s latest appeal and which has captured the admiration of most patriotic Nigerians is his “Declaration of Human Rights and Responsibilities to one’s self, one’s family, neighbours, community and to the state” at the formal launching of the campaign on National Rebirth in Abuja on September 10, 1999. Nigeria: The Path to National Rebirth is my widow’s mite in the nation’s bid to enhance its citizens’ awareness on the need to abhor all vices and adore virtues. I vehemently pray that Almighty God would make this book arouse the desired positive impacts on its readers so that we will patriotically develop Nigeria to the liking of all lovers of good things. If citizens of other countries have done so, why can’t Nigerians facilitate fast understanding and development?
In the last few years, there has been a lot of concern and debate, not only among policy makers, but also within the academia and the public at large, regarding the attainment of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) in Nigeria. This has led to the initiation of various reforms, beginning with the banking sector reforms, introduced towards the end of 2004, all aimed at creating a favorable environment for meeting the objectives of the MDGs. The present book of readings addresses some of these reforms and represents a contribution by our Department of Economics to the ongoing discussion. While the range of reforms advocated here is not exhaustive, it nevertheless emphasises once again the well known fact that there are also non-economic factors involved in economic development. In this regard, it must be pointed out that the sectors of the economy considered in the volume include, not only the purely economic ones like banking and finance, insurance, etc. but also the political and sociological areas such as corruption and the harmful effects of widowhood rites. It must also be noted that the recommendations emphasize that reforms are needed at all levels, including the public and private sectors of the economy, as well as the individual level. I commend the efforts of our Department of Economics, the editors and the contributors to this volume. The book deserves a most enthusiastic welcome by all (policy makers, the academia and the general public) who are working towards or looking forward to the attainment of the MDGs in Nigeria.
This research aims at identifying the root causes of political crisis in Nigeria and blackgold (oil) being the underlying factor for this crises. The focus is on the Niger Delta and its festering crisis which stems from the regions critical importance to Nigeria. Over the years, the Niger Delta region has had the highest risk of political unrest, simply because the region is rich in terms of oil and gas productions in Nigeria. As the nation’s treasure base, the Niger Delta provides over 80% of government revenues, and 90% of foreign exchange earnings. Also, the bulk of Nigeria’s bio-diversity and some of her best human resources are derived from the Niger Delta. This research recognizes the fact that there have been earlier proffered solutions to the crisis in the region, hence, it aims at recognizing other causes of the crisis that have not been properly addressed. Also, this research, most importantly will refer to some prior solutions that would gradually help in addressing and proffering solutions to the crises in the Niger Delta region. Keywords: Political Crises, Black-gold, Oil and Gas, Bio-Diversity, Human Resources.
This study examines the nature of railway and their policies in Nigeria and Japan with a focus on finding out the factors that have hindered successful policy implementation in the Nigerian railway sectors and how these processes have affected national development. It has the objective of finding out the strategies that enabled success of the Japanese railways and how these strategies can be applied in Nigeria to rescue the current dilapidated railway sector. The researcher used primary and secondary methods of data collection to gather the needed data. The data obtained through questionnaires were presented in tables and analyzed using the simple percentage. The findings have also shown that factors which militate against successful policy implementation in Nigeria include lack of continuity and multiplicity of policy by different administrations in Nigeria, inadequate resources, non involvement of the local people in policy implementation and corruption. It also discovered that the low level of implementation has been responsible for the low level of development in Nigeria and that the success of the Japanese railway system is as a result of the strategic restructuring of the system in 1986 and that this has been responsible for the country`s high level of development. The researcher therefore recommended that for policies to be successfully implemented in Nigeria, there must be a political will by government, local people must be involved, resources must be adequately mobilized and corruption should be strictly avoided. Others include policy restructure and privatization of the rail sector, decentralization of railways into regional or state based, separation of passengers and freight railways etc. And that the money realized from the sectors should be deployed in developing other sectors. These ensure efficiency of the implementation process of policies and that of the railway system and consequently enhancing national development.
There have been a lot of speculations that the English language is elitist; that rural dwellers do not participate actively in government, and that women in the rural areas do not have equal opportunity in governance with men. Different governments- nationally and internationally- have mapped out some programmes and strategies towards eliminating the divide that exists between men and women participation in governance and national development. These programs of which MDG is one are all in recognition of the backwardness of females in self and societal development and the fact that the female gender seems to have resigned their fate to living in the shadows of men in matters that is the prerogative of both men and women. The fact that these programmes appears not to be achieving their expected goals at the intended speed has compelled the writers to look into the issues that could be a clog in the wheel of progress of the nation in achieving the MDG. After critical examination of the role of the English language in Nigeria as the lingua franca, the writers discovered that linguistic problems are the predominant of the problems affecting governance and development in Nigeria. This paper therefore, examines these linguistic matters and seeks to provide answers to the related questions: What constitutes good governance? How has the government been able to communicate with people in the rural areas? How have the people in the rural areas been able to express themselves actively in governance through the English language? What are the linguistic factors militating against the effective participation of rural women in governance? The authors also wish to provide recommendations to the possible solution to English language barriers among women participation in government in the rural areas.
Gender discrimination has caused an untold harm to almost every facts of our existence as a nation, the seeming insurmountable problem, which poses as a very hard nut to crack, is what I intend to address in this paper. The problems caused by different gender bias and prejudice, otherwise called, gender chauvinism, are such that many people tend not to reason, before taking sides to their own gender, this, is found in the social, political, economic, religious and cultural spheres. The males feel that their birthright is to dominate the opposite sex, while the women feel that, for too long. They have been subordinated and subjugated by the hale folk, they therefore want their voice to be heard, hence, the women empowerment, women education, women liberation and even women domination as some people put it. This precarious situation came into being, since human beings seem to have forgotten their natural and God given roles in the society. Postmodernism and the eradication or reduction of ignorance and illiteracy on the side of the women have played a part in bringing the female folk to the level which they are today, and also promises to advance them further. I shall in this paper examine the different positions of the two groups, the masculine and the feminine gender. And then conclude that no gender is insignificant and therefore none should be looked down upon since we claim to have a society that is egalitarian in nature.
“If you want to be happy, set a goal that commands your thoughts, liberates your energy and inspires your hopes.” – Andrew Carnegie