Entries on Democracy
Abstract: Of all the different types of government so far experimented by the countries of the world – fascism, totalitarianism, monarchy, diarchy, aristocracy, oligarchy etc – democracy has proved to be the best form. Under democracy, the inalienable rights and essential freedoms natural to man as human are realizable. These include; the right to freedom of worship; right to freedom of speech; right to life; right to freedom of association and right to the dignity of the human person and so on. It is perhaps for this reason, among others, that the Nigerian press has continued to struggle for democracy to ensure these freedoms. For this, the vested interests, the oppressors of the poor saw the watch dogs as a pleasant whipping boy, tormenting, persecuting and using all sorts of draconian legislations and extra – judicial methods to suppress legitimate agitations. Thank goodness, the freedom of information bill has been passed into law. But despite all the indignities, the press has soldiered on. However, since 1999 when Nigeria appeared to have freed herself from the military strangle-hold, there seems to be a temptation to relax in the false hope that we have arrived the promised democratic land. But the ugly experience of the 2003 and 2007 elections provide a pointer that it is not yet Uhuru. There is the need to stress eternal vigilance as we have only substituted black imperialism for white imperialism. This paper examines the liberation struggle of the Nigerian press towards political emancipation from oppressors and urges a coordinated political mobilization of the electorate to stand up for genuine participatory democracy...
Election has become the most acceptable means of changing leadership in any given political system. There are elements that make electorates vote or not to vote in an election. These elements are different and dependent on the socio-cultural, economic, and political background of the nation and voters at one point or the other. In Nigeria, this is rampant, not necessarily because the electorates are apolitical, but the circumstances and the ways in which the context are fixed, forced them to accommodate other considerations. The study uses the existing literature, observation and opinion poll to gather data, and found that, it is the voting behaviours of the electorates that builds or mars the elections to produce credible or unacceptable candidates; Due to the voter‟s poverty level, ethnicity and religious inclinations, voting pattern runs inline in order to satisfy those religious/ethnic interest and personal immediate economic needs. They accept gratification from politicians to vote for them even when they knew that such persons are not credible. The study recommends a total overhaul of the electoral system; education/creation of awareness to the Nigerian citizens, and to make the elective positions less lucrative and attractive than what is currently obtainable. In this way, those negative factors that influence the voting pattern in Nigeria can be controlled.
What has just became a public discussion today have being a subject that has being costing me sleepless night since graduating in 2002. Before getting admission to study finance which I love, I have my hands as a teen in some entrepreneurial activities immediately after my secondary school (basic education), although not encourage or mentored by anyone, it just one of the passion that I have as a boy raised is a village depending majorly on coconuts, sugarcane and fishing as sources of income.
The beacon of democracy is in fact a free and fair press. Respect for the freedom of expression and the right of the public to access and receive information are the yardsticks to evaluate the existence of the rule of law and ultimately, popular democracy. Independence of the press from the shackles of the State is nonetheless an essential factor in any democratic environment. Freedom of the press is accorded respected status because it is indeed the ultimate value of any democratic society. More so, the press is regarded as instructions of self-government by the people who are under this right informed and educated about the affairs of the government and thus enabling them to form or express opinions on such matters
All over the world, democracy as an enviable system of governance has been hailed for its efficacy in the promotion and holistic development ofman and his environment.
Constitutionalism and the rule of law have a variety of meanings. In a poplar parlance, the former refers to a complex of ideas, attitudes and patterns of behaviour elaborating the people that the authority of government derives from and is limited by a body of fundamental laws (the constitution).
After the nation’s 13½ -year cycle of military dictatorship, Nigeria returned to democracy in 1979. Social scientists might differ in their definitions of democracy, but the valid factors and determinants of true democracy have new been in dispute. These are majority rule and electoral process.
The world today, it is said, is a global village. An incident in one country or continent not only affects the whole continent but river-berates in other parts.
Democracy and democratic processes and institutions have always preoccupied the attention of scholars and political actors since human development.
It is very rare in contemporary era to find a country that is made up of only one ethnic group or nationality.
Culture is the embodiment of a people's way of life - the totality of their history and knowledge, beliefs, values, traditions and norms, etc.