Entries on Conflict
This work examines why the Lower Benue Valley communities that were erstwhile at peace with themselves have now earned a reputation as an area noted for orgy of violence along the Settler-Indigene divide. In fact, the continuous struggle between groups of the zone has intensified with attendant consequences of group distrust, suspicion, antagonism and tension culminating in violent expressions. Thus, the Lower Benue area has been stigmatised as an area known for violence. Specifically, the work sees the changing trend of peaceful and mutual co-existence to the divisive legacy of colonialism which emphasised the differences of the people by bringing to the fore that, the people and communities were separated from great distances, differences of history and traditions, ethnology, political, social and religious barriers. Closely related, the nature and character of colonialism was economically exploitative. The work also argues that, even at independence, party politics emerged as a means of gaining power to enhance economic wellbeing of the political class and their friends, (prebendal politics) hence, the Lower Benue Valley communities have devised the means of survival, which is exploring the phenomenon of settler-indigene, so that, other communities are excluded in the scheme of things in order to benefit from power and resources alone, which often leads to violent conflicts. The work suggests that, when the diverse ethnic groups in the Lower Benue Valley are shown a sense of belonging, and they participate in the decision making through Democracy and the political class is determined to provide good governance: peace, harmony, accommodation, tolerance and the mutual co-existence that once existed in the Lower Benue Valley will return.
Conflict is a part of life, but when turned violent, it can be like a handshake that extends beyond the elbow which can no longer be tolerated. In a similar understanding, the internationalization of the Congo conflict is very complex due to the various involvements of states. However, in accomplishing the objective of this research, the problem that led to this conflict and made this study possible was the spillover effects from the conflict. There were issues arising from internal and external countries and actors taking sides, and also the involvement of organizations on regional continental and global levels. My findings however included the use of proxies in the DR Congo conflict, which served as part of the factors that played out mostly by external states sponsoring rebel groups to help fight in Congo, and the exploitation of the resources of DRC through transnational networks was an intricate system of political economic and socio-cultural forces. My recommendation for the issues brought out by this study was that there should be a development in the defense base of the Congo, there should be an improvement in one of the arms of government so that in the long run, it would enhance their balance of power system, and make it possible for them to check each other for more effective administration, States should provide basic amenities for the citizens, in other to avoid divided loyalty, in situations of intervention, proper agreements should be laid out in other to avoid an infringement, and the democratic system of government should be encouraged, because when the democratic peace theory is applied states would engage each other on the basis of war. Keywords: Internationalization, Conflict, Political and socio-cultural forces, Balance of Power
The objective of this paper is to suggest a long lasting and an amicable non-violent conflict resolution methods (beyond mere granting of amnesty to the militant youths) that would be capable of ending the protracted Niger Delta crises and by so doing enhance the process of democratic governance in Nigeria. The paper has consequently highlighted the dangerous consequences of the protracted conflict in the region especially with respect to Nigeria‟s nascent democracy. As a lasting solution to this socio-political log-jam, this paper has recommended four principal methods of Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR) Strategies. These special conciliation techniques include; negotiation, mediation, arbitration and restitution. In the opinion of this paper, a careful manipulation of these strategies is capable of unraveling the systematic and professional ways through which carefully designed policies can create fresh and long lasting opportunities that can promote a sustainable and creative joint problem solving culture as well as the necessary supervision and facilitation of neutral good agreement between conflicting interest groups in the Niger Delta region. These opportunities are expected to consider the needs of the various stake holders in the conflict with special reference to those of the restive militants.
EXPLORE FULL CONTENTS OF THIS BOOK TO LEARN MORE, BELOW SHOWS THE HIGHLIGHTS OF EACH CHAPTER: Chapter 1: Glow Like Moon (What Does It Mean For You To Glow Like Moon) Chapter 2: The Lady With Focus (What The lady with focus can offer to help you glow like Moon) Chapter 3: Inner Healing (Before you begin to live towards your aspirations, you must first be in a good relationship with yourself by aligning with your inner-mind) Chapter 4: Spirituality (After you align with yourself, you must strive to be in good terms with God, unless your enemies will never allow you to succeed in your aspirations) Chapter 5: Network, Connect & Relate (If God is on your side and Man is not there to help, how will you then succeed? You must connect with people you meet to succeed) Chapter 6: Power To Succeed (Anything the human mind can believe, the human mind can achieve; this is the Supreme Secret. You have the power to succeed and you must be positive about this fact) Chapter 7: Peace of Mind (“You mustn’t be rich or have connection to be great”. Wealth without inner peaceful mind is simply empty, keep calm and let your mind always be at peace because greatness does not come without peace of mind).
If the terrorism scare was an issue in 2001, it has not been less so ever since, especially since the second half of 2003.
Human history is the history of conflicts of values expressed in various inter and intra religious, ethnic, regional or class conflicts and contradictions. This idea was aptly expressed by Marx and Engels (1968) when they argued that the history of all hitherto existing society is the history of class struggle.
This is Microsoft Word application Manual, which enable you to learn from the ebook and within 3 days you can be professional in MS-word